1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Carphalea Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Small shrubs with erect branched stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves paired or in whorls of 3, petiolate.
    Stipules
    Stipules with (1)3–5 linear or filiform colleter-tipped setae from a short base adnate to petioles.
    Flowers
    Flowers medium-sized, hermaphrodite, dimorphic, some flowers with anthers included and style exserted and others completely vice versa, in rather dense few-many-flowered terminal corymbose inflorescences.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube narrowly obconic or turbinate, ribbed; limb variously deeply 4–5-lobed or, in sect. Dirichletia, nearly always eccentrically elliptic, the tube ± placed at one of the foci, sometimes shallowly 3-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube very narrowly cylindrical; lobes 4–5, oblong or ovate; throat densely hairy.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3-locular, each locule with a slender basal placenta bearing c. (3)4–6 ovules; style filiform, the stigma divided into 2(4) filiform lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit obconic, sometimes curved, of bony texture, strongly ribbed, the ribs running out into the strongly nervose accrescent calyx limb or lobes, apparently always indehiscent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds narrowly oblong-obconic.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small shrubs with erect branched stems
    Leaves
    Leaves paired or in whorls of 3, petiolate
    Stipules
    Stipules with (1–)3–5 linear or filiform colleter-tipped setae from a short base
    Flowers
    Flowers medium-sized, hermaphrodite, dimorphic, some flowers with anthers included and style exserted and others completely vice versa, in rather dense few-many-flowered terminal inflorescences
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube narrowly obconic or turbinate, ribbed; limb variously deeply 4–5-lobed or, in sect. Dirichletia, eccentrically elliptic, the tube ± placed at one of the foci, sometimes shallowly 3–4-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube very narrowly cylindrical; lobes 4–5, oblong or ovate; throat densely hairy
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3-locular, each locule with a slender basal placenta bearing ± (3–)4–6 ovules; style filiform, the stigma divided into 2(–4) filiform lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit obconic, sometimes curved, of bony texture, strongly ribbed, the ribs running out into the strongly nervose accrescent calyx-limb or lobes, apparently always indehiscent, 1–2-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds narrowly oblong-obconic.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Carphalea Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 198 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc. in Kew Bull. 28: 423 (1974).
    • Homolle in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 83: 613 (1937).
    • Gen.: 198 (1789).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 28: 423 (1974)
    • Homolle in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 58: 616 (1937)
    • Gen.: 198 (1769)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0