1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Cephalanthus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa, India to Taiwan, America.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrubs, trees or sometimes woody climbers, the growth axes differentiated, the orthotropic axis with leaves mostly in whorls of 3–4, the plagiotropic axis with leaves in pairs; terminal vegetative buds conical.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; domatia present; stipules with or without a black gland at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary on both sorts of axes, consisting of many flowers in condensed heads, not surrounded by reduced leaves or bracts; receptacle pubescent; the flowers quite separate and with interfloral bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubes free from each other; limb-tube well developed; lobes 4–5, the fifth usually smallest.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform to narrowly funnel-shaped; lobes 4–5, erect or spreading, imbricate in bud.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat, included.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules solitary in each loculus, pendulous, attached at apex of septum, anatropous; style clearly exceeding corolla tube, with receptive area in distal part.
    Fruits
    Infructescence a spherical head of small separate indehiscent fruits, each fruit drupe-like, containing two 1-seeded pyrenes.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong with a large or small apical aril or aril absent; testa membranous, sometimes shortly winged above; radicle superior.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Connecticut, Cuba, East Himalaya, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Kentucky, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Ontario, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Zambia

    Cephalanthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 95 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Ridsdale in Blumea 23: 178 (1976).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 42 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 95 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0