1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Chassalia Comm. ex Poir.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrubs or less often small trees or subshrubby herbs, with mostly glabrous or only finely pubescent stems
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, mostly acuminate, usually quite thin, shortly to distinctly petiolate, usually glabrous; stipules interpetiolar, ovate to triangular or quite short and broad, sometimes united into a small sheath, entire or with 2 short fimbriae, often with colleters and hairs within the base, mostly persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, 4–5-merous, heterostylous, mostly small, in branched panicles, the ultimate elements usually being small heads but in some few species the flowers are pedicellate; bracts small
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube mostly ovoid or oblong, ± ribbed, the free limb mostly very short, lobes triangular or linear but mostly very short
    Buds
    Buds often winged
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pink or purple, sometimes yellow inside; tube cylindrical, hairy or glabrous inside; lobes often winged; venation of corolla often curiously prominent in dry material
    Stamens
    Stamens included or exserted
    Disc
    Disc cylindrical, distinct
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, erect from the base; style included or exserted; stigma-lobes linear
    Fruits
    Fruits succulent, with 2 pyrenes; pyrenes pale, semi-globose or semi-ellipsoid, the ventral surface often grooved, often with a median dorsal keel along which dehiscence takes place
    Seeds
    Seeds concavo-convex, with a pale testa; endosperm not ruminate.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Shrubs or less often small trees or subshrubby herbs, with mostly glabrous or only finely pubescent stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, mostly acuminate, usually quite thin, shortly to distinctly petiolate, usually glabrous; stipules interpetiolar, ovate to triangular or quite short and broad, sometimes united into a small sheath, entire or with 2 short fimbriae, often with colleters and hairs within the base, mostly persistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, 4–5-merous, heterostylous, mostly small, in branched panicles, the ultimate elements usually being small heads but in some few species the flowers are pedicellate; bracts small.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube mostly ovoid or oblong, ± ribbed, the free limb mostly very short, lobes triangular or linear but mostly very short.
    Buds
    Buds often winged.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pink or purple, sometimes yellow inside; tube cylindrical, hairy or glabrous inside; lobes often winged; venation of corolla often curiously prominent in dry material.
    Stamens
    Stamens included or exserted.
    Disc
    Disk cylindrical, distinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, erect from the base; style included or exserted; stigma lobes linear.
    Fruits
    Fruits succulent, with 2 pyrenes; pyrenes pale, semi-globose or semi-ellipsoid, the ventral surface often grooved, often with a median dorsal keel along which dehiscence takes place.
    Seeds
    Seeds concavo-convex, with a pale testa; endosperm not ruminate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, Philippines, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Chassalia Comm. ex Poir. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1998 Fraser, P. [381], Cameroon K000011830
    Jan 1, 1992 Jaff, B. [88], Cameroon K000085341
    Cheek, M. [4962], Cameroon K000085527
    Cheek, M. [5553], Cameroon K000085537
    Harris, D.J. [2643], Central African Republic 63049.000
    Davis, A.P. [2218], Madagascar 61291.000
    Davis, A.P. [2518], Madagascar 61995.000
    Davis, A.P. [2201], Madagascar 63660.000
    Etuge, M., Pollard, Todou [6434], Cameroon 76968.000

    First published in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 2: 450 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Lam. Encycl. Méth. Bot., Suppl. 2: 450 (1812).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc. in Kew Bull. 30: 270 (1975).
    • Encycl. Méth. Bot., Suppl. 2: 450, in obs. (1812).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 30: 270 (1975)
    • Encycl. Méth. Bot., Suppl. 2: 450, in obs. (1812)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0