1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Craterispermum Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Glabrous trees or shrubs mostly with yellow-green foliage.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, the blades mostly oblong or elliptic, often coriaceous; venation mostly closely reticulate; stipules intrapetiolar, broad, connate to form a tube, made up of 2 triangular parts joined by thinner tissue, undivided, persistent or deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, heterostylous, 5-merous, in small subcapitate or somewhat elongated occasionally 2-branched cymes, the peduncles short or less often long and slender, strongly compressed, axillary or more usually supra-axillary; bracteoles present.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube obconic or turbinate; limb cupular, truncate, sinuate or shortly 5-dentate, persistent.
    Corolla
    Corolla salver-shaped or somewhat funnel-shaped with short or elongated tube and densely hairy or less often glabrous throat.
    Stamens
    Stamens either included in the throat or exserted; anthers linear-oblong, dorsifixed.
    Disc
    Disk annular, thick.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, pendulous from the apex; style filiform; stigma divided into 2 linear papillate branches or fusiform, bifid.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, pea-like, sessile or pedicellate, 1 (2)-locular, 1-seeded; endocarp chartaceous.
    Seeds
    Seeds pendulous, hemispherical or almost bowl-shaped, dorsally convex, ventrally deeply excavated; albumen fleshy; embryo small with a superior radicle.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Glabrous trees or shrubs mostly with yellow-green foliage
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, the blades mostly oblong or elliptic, often coriaceous; venation mostly closely reticulate; stipules intrapetiolar, broad, connate to form a tube, made up of 2 triangular parts joined by thinner tissue, undivided, persistent or deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, heterostylous, 5-merous, in small subcapitate or somewhat elongated occasionally 2-branched cymes, the peduncles short or less often long and slender, strongly compressed, axillary or more usually supra-axillary; bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic or turbinate; limb cupular, truncate, sinuate or shortly 5-dentate, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla salver-shaped or somewhat funnel-shaped with short or elongated tube and densely hairy or less often glabrous throat
    Stamens
    Stamens either included in the throat or exserted; anthers linear-oblong, dorsifixed
    Disc
    Disc annular, thick
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, pendulous from the apex; style filiform; stigma divided into 2 linear papillate branches or fusiform, bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, pea-like, sessile or pedicellate, 1(–2)-locular, 1-seeded; endocarp chartaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds pendulous, hemispherical or almost bowl-shaped, dorsally convex, ventrally deeply excavated; albumen fleshy; embryo small with a superior radicle.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Craterispermum Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis, A.P. [2198], Madagascar 61801.000
    Davis, A.P. [2144], Madagascar 63898.000
    Watts, J. [977], Cameroon K000085508

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 411 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 160.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc. in Kew Bull. 28: 433 (1973).
    • Hook. f. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 112 (1873).
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 411 (1849).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 28: 433 (1974)
    • Hook. f. in G.P. 2: 112 (1873)
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 411 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0