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This species is accepted, and its native range is Angola, Eritrea to Kenya, SW. Arabian Peninsula, India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb with a woody base, 40–100 cm. high, glabrous or usually with the upper branches and young growths shortly pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to linear-lanceolate, to 8 × 0.6–4 cm., base cuneate, apex rounded, margin indistinctly toothed but often with 1–2 pairs of large gland-tipped teeth at the base, upper surface glabrous, lower surface with scattered hairs and a prominent midrib; lamina tapering into a winged petiole to 5 mm. long; glandular stipules minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary and in terminal 3-branched umbels with primary rays to 5 cm. long; bracts sessile, often reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia subsessile, 1.8 × 1.8 mm., with cup-shaped involucres, puberulous; glands 4(–5), transversely elliptic, ± 1 mm. wide, green becoming brown; lobes subquadrate, 0.5 mm. long, margin deeply toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles strap-shaped, deeply divided, ciliate; stamens 2.3 mm. long. Female flower:ovary densely pubescent; styles 1.6 mm. long, joined at the base, erect with spreading apices bifid for 1/3 .
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles strap-shaped, deeply divided, ciliate; stamens 2.3 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary densely pubescent; styles 1.6 mm. long, joined at the base, erect with spreading apices bifid for 1/3 .
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 4 mm. long, oblong-trigonous, 3.5 × 3 mm., pubescent with short adpressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, ± flattened, 2.8 × 1.6 mm., wrinkled in 4 longitudinal rows of large tubercles on each side, whitish-grey, with a yellow caruncle 1.2 mm. wide.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb 10–75 cm high; young growth pubescent with short crisped hairs, becoming glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to linear-lanceolate, 2–8 x 0.6–4 cm, margin indistinctly toothed but with 1–2 pairs of large gland-tipped teeth at the base, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs along the prominent midrib on the lower surface; lamina tapering into a winged petiole to 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in 3-branched umbels, with primary rays 1–8 cm long; bracts sessile, often reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 1.8 mm in diam., puberulous; glands 4, 1 mm broad, quite separate, brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 1.6 mm long, erect with spreading apices bifid for 1/3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel 4 mm long, oblong-trigonous, 3.5 x 3 mm, pubescent with short appressed hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, compressed, 2.8 x 1.6 mm, wrinkled in 4 longitudinal rows of large tubercles on each side, greyish, with a yellow cap-like caruncle 1.2 mm wide.

Doubtfully present in:

Sudan

Native to:

Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Yemen

Euphorbia agowensis Hochst. ex Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper [2150], Ethiopia K000252820

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 70 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rahman, M.A. & al. (2002). Notes on succulent plant species of Saudi Arabia Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 9(1): 25-40.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 222 (1974).
  • Boiss. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 70 (1862).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 443 (1958).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 76 (1952).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 540 (1911).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0