1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Galiniera Delile

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree; branches glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate; domatia present or absent; stipule lobes triangular, shortly connate.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented, hermaphrodite, 5-merous, pedicellate in pedunculate axillary cymes; bracts and bracteoles present.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous or pubescent; tube ovoid; limb short, wider than tube, lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla subrotate, tube extremely short; lobes ovate, contorted to the left.
    Stamens
    Stamens attached at the top of the corolla tube, exserted and spreading when mature; filaments short; anthers dorsifixed near the base, narrowly oblong, with connective distinctly apiculate.
    Gynoecium
    Style short, subulate, pubescent; pollen presenter deeply bifid, but two halves often held together; 5 membranous ciliate wings present on each lobe.
    Disc
    Disk annular.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular; placentas small, attached to septum near the top of the loculus, bearing 2 pendulous ovules or rarely 1 ovule on a larger placenta.
    Fruits
    Fruit baccate, globose, 2-celled; calyx limb persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds (2)4 per fruit, c. one quarter (one third)-spherical, finely reticulate; endosperm ruminate; placenta forming a small aril-like structure at apex of the pair of seeds.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree; branches glabrous or pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate; domatia present or absent; stipules triangular
    Flowers
    Flowers sweetly scented, hermaphrodite, 5-merous, pedicellate in pedunculate axillary cymes; bracts and bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous or pubescent; tube extremely short; lobes ovate
    Stamens
    Stamens attached at the top of the corolla-tube, exserted and spreading when mature; filaments short; anthers dorsifixed near base, narrowly oblong, with connective distinctly apiculate
    Disc
    Disc annular
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; placentas small, attached near the top of the locules, bearing 2 pendulous ovules or rarely one ovule on a larger placenta; style short, subulate, pubescent; stigmatic club deeply bifid, but two halves often held together; 5 membranous ciliate wings present on each lobe
    Fruits
    Fruit fleshy, globose, 2-locular; calyx-limb persistent
    Seeds
    Seeds (2–)4 per fruit, ± 1/4(–1/2)-spherical, finely reticulate; endosperm ruminate; placenta forming a small aril-like structure at apex of the pair of seeds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Galiniera Delile appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 92 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J.D. Hooker in Bentham & J.D. Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 91 (1873).
    • in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. Sér. 2, 20: 92 (1843).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.P. 2: 91 (1873)
    • in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 2, 20: 92, (1843)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0