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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Spain, Baleares, N. Africa to Niger and Sudan, W. Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula to S. Central China.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glaucous glabrous annual herb to 25 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, to 6 × 0.5 cm., entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary and in terminal 3-branched umbels forking many times, with primary rays to 5 cm. long; bracts leaf-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia subsessile, 1.5 × 1.5 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, transversely oblong, 0.8 mm. broad with 2 horns to 0.8 mm. long; lobes rounded, margin ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles linear, apices ciliate; stamens 2 mm. long. Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, joined at the base, spreading, bifid to almost halfway.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles linear, apices ciliate; stamens 2 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, joined at the base, spreading, bifid to almost halfway.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 4 mm. long, deeply 3-lobed, 3.5 × 4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 2.5 × 1.7 mm., blackish brown, with a close network of paler ridges, and a cream caruncle 1 mm. across.
Habitat
Presumably a garden weed; near sea-level
Distribution
T6

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Baleares, Bangladesh, Chad, China South-Central, Djibouti, Egypt, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, West Himalaya, Western Sahara

Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ramsay, C.B. [7700A], India K000246231 Unknown type material
Wallich, N. [7700B] K000246232 Unknown type material

First published in Encycl. 2: 428 (1788)

Accepted by

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 75 (1952).
  • Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 428 (1786).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 515 (1911).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0