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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda.

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Exudate
Containing abundant, very caustic, white latex
Morphology Branches
Branched low down in open situations but with a long clear bole in forest; 10–50 ft. or more high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits yellow.
Morphology General Habit
A tree with woody stem and fleshy branches

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous tree to 22 m. high, with a stout trunk to 60 cm. in diameter branching at ± 1.5–2 m. high and with a rough grey bark; branches spreading, loosely rebranching to form a large rounded crown; terminal branchlets obtusely 5-angled becoming cylindrical, 2–3 cm. thick; angles with spine-pairs ± 1 cm. apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields very obtusely triangular, to 8 × 9 mm. on mature branches but not quite joined below the large semi-circular leaf-scar (± 6 × 7 mm.) on young growth, eventually ± surrounding the flowering eye immediately above; spines stout, conical, to 3 mm. long; prickles vestigial.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves persistent at the branch apices, obovate, to 28 × 10 cm., tapering to a petiole to 2.5 cm. long, apex rounded or sometimes slightly emarginate, margin entire, midrib prominent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes (1–)3 in a horizontal line, 1–2-forked, with peduncles to 4.5 cm. long and cyme-branches to 2.5 cm. long; bracts broadly deltoid, ± 3 × 7 mm., apex minutely denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia sessile, ± 4 × 12 mm., with widely funnel-shaped involucres; glands transversely oblong, ± 2.7 × 6 mm., contiguous, brownish yellow; lobes transversely elliptic, ± 2 × 4 mm., very minutely denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles fan-shaped, apices deeply dentate; stamens many, well exserted, 4 mm. long. Female flower:styles stout, 1.5 mm. long, joined at the base, with stigmas spreading, thickened, rugose, distinctly bifid.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles fan-shaped, apices deeply dentate; stamens many, well exserted, 4 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles stout, 1.5 mm. long, joined at the base, with stigmas spreading, thickened, rugose, distinctly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subsessile, obovoid, to 5 × 3.5 cm., green becoming yellow; endocarp subglobose, ± 13 × 11 mm., with 1–2 locules often arbortive.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 7 × 4.5 mm., with a dorsal and ventral ridge and acute apex, greyish brown, smooth.
Figures
Fig. 100.
Habitat
Forest edges; ± 1000 m.
Distribution
U2 W. Africa from Ghana eastwards to Cameroon

Native to:

Benin, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Euphorbia drupifera Thonn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4227], Cameroon Elaeophorbia drupifera K000198620
Burton, G., Nigeria Elaeophorbia drupifera 15728.000
Deighton, F.C. [3446], Ghana Elaeophorbia drupifera 16810.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [5051], Ghana Elaeophorbia drupifera 16811.000
Coombe, D.E. [153], Nigeria Elaeophorbia drupifera 16812.000

First published in C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 250 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Elaeophorbia drupifera.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0