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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia, S. Somalia, Kenya.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Sparsely branched succulent perennial, loosely shrubby to c. 1 m high, or scrambling to 3 m
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches acutely 4-angled, 1–1.5 cm thick, greyish green with darker stripes along the angles, or sometimes mottled; angles with shallow teeth 1–2.5 cm apart
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields joined to form a continuous horny margin along the angles c. 1 mm wide, or occasionally decurrent to just above the flowering eye below, greyish brown; spines single, to 1.5 cm long, terminating in forked tips 2–7 mm long, usually widely diverging; prickles 2–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, subsessile, 1-forked with subsessile cyathia
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 5 mm in diam.; glands 2.5 mm broad, contiguous, brownish yellow to reddish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subsessile, obtusely 3-lobed, 3.5 x 5 mm, speckled purplish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 2 x 1.6 mm, closely tuberculate, pale brown.
Distribution
C2; S1, 3 E and SE Ethiopia southwards through NE Kenya to the Galana River.
Ecology
Altitude range 140–415 m.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Succulent perennial with a fleshy root, ± sparsely branched, shrubby to ± 1.5 m. or occasionally subscandent to 2 m. high; stems and branches 4(–5)-angled, to 1.5 cm. thick, variously vareigated, mottled, or striped darker green along the angles; angles with shallow teeth to 3 cm. apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spinescence greyish brown; spine-shields longitudinal and contiguous or decurrent to just above the flowering eye below; spines single, to 2 cm. long terminating in forked tips to 5 mm. long; prickles to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deltoid, ± 3 × 2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, 1-forked, subsessile; bracts deltoid, ± 1.5 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 3 × 5 mm., with funnel-shaped involucres; glands transversely rectangular, ± 1 × 2.5 mm., contiguous, yellow to reddish; lobes transversely elliptic, ± 1 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles spathulate, laciniate, deeply dentate; stamens 4.25 mm. long. Female flower:styles 2 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugose.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles spathulate, laciniate, deeply dentate; stamens 4.25 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 2 mm. long, joined at the base, apices thickened, rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subsessile, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 3.5 × 5 mm., speckled purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, 2 × 1.5 mm., grey, closely tuberculate.
Figures
Fig. 98/1–3.
Habitat
Sandy soils usually overlying limestone, with open Acacia-Commiphora bushland; 190–750 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K7

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

Euphorbia glochidiata Pax appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bally, P.R.O. [E160], Kenya 15751.000
Gillett, J.B. [13335], Kenya 2057.000
Bally, P.R.O. [B2021], Kenya 48147.000
Bally, P.R.O. [9440], Somalia 5207.000
Gilbert, Ethiopia 54943.000

First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 6: 187 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 446 (1958).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 566 (1911).
  • Pax in Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma 6: 187 (1897).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0