1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Guettarda L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, the branches in some species armed with spines (not in Old World).
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, petiolate; stipules simple, persistent or soon falling, free but overlapping each other at apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamo-dioecious, showing limited heterostyly, (4)5–6(9)- or even 11-merous, usually sessile, mostly secundly arranged in axillary pedunculate apically dichotomously branched inflorescences or rarely solitary or in groups of 2–3; bracteoles present or absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx shortly tubular, globose or ovoid, the limb truncate or 2–9-toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellowish or red to reddish-purple, salver-shaped; throat glabrous or nearly so; lobes imbricate or subvalvate, the margins often wavy or crenulate.
    Stamens
    Stamens (4)–9, inserted in the throat, included; anthers sessile or nearly so, dorsifixed.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–9-locular; ovules solitary, pendulous; style slender; stigma ± capitate, slightly bifid.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or subglobose, ± fleshy or fibrous with a woody or bony endocarp, 2–9-locular, containing 2–9 pyrenes.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, the branches in some species armed with spines (not in Old World)
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, petiolate; stipules interpetiolar or intrapetiolar, simple, persistent or soon falling, free or connate
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamo-dioecious, showing limited heterostyly, (4–)5–6(–9) even 11-merous, usually sessile, mostly secundly arranged in axillary pedunculate apically dichotomously branched inflorescences or rarely solitary or in groups of 2–3; bracteoles present or absent
    Calyx
    Calyx shortly tubular, globose or ovoid, the limb truncate or 2–9-toothed
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellowish or red to reddish purple, salver-shaped; throat glabrous or nearly so; lobes imbricate or subvalvate, the margins often wavy or crenulate
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–9, inserted in the throat, included; anthers sessile or nearly so, dorsifixed
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–9-locular; ovules solitary, pendulous; style slender; stigma ± capitate, slightly bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or subglobose, ± fleshy or fibrous with woody or bony endocarp, 2–9-locular, containing 2–9 pyrenes
    Seeds
    Seeds with little or no endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Guettarda L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1991], Dominican Republic K000478758
    Rico, L. [1980], Dominican Republic K000478768
    Ratter, J.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001194749
    Queiroz, L.P. [4973], Brazil K001194742
    Coradin, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001194741
    Heringer, E.P. [3175], Brazil K001194752
    Silva, G.P. [1264], Brazil K001194740
    Walter, B.M.T. [1085], Brazil K001212160
    Rodal, M.J.N et al. [817], Brazil K000265156
    Nunes, T.S. [704], Brazil K001194743
    Nunes, T.S. [665], Brazil K001194744
    Silva, B.M. [95], Brazil K001194745
    Walter, B. [987], Brazil K001194755
    Walter, B. [1230], Brazil K001194756
    Prance, G.T. [24120], Brazil K001194753
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8400], Myanmar K001125394
    Krieger, L. [12569], Brazil K001194750
    Krieger, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001194751
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [3156], Brazil K001194746
    Boudet, H. [3156], Brazil K001194747
    Lopes, W.P. [612], Brazil K001194748
    Rodrigues, I.D. [261], Brazil K001194754

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 991 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 428 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 991 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 428 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 991 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0