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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Pakistan.
Euphorbia inaequilatera Sond.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, with prostrate branches to 30 cm long, longitudinally ridged, less noticeably when the plant is small and stunted
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile, ovate, 5–14 x 2–6 mm, margin serrate, at least around the apex; stipules 1–1.5 mm long, deeply divided with 3–5 linear points
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia solitary, subessile, terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy branches, 1 mm in diam.; glands minute, red, with small lobed pink or white appendages
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles minute, spreading, bifid almost to the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel 2 mm long, acutely 3-lobed, 1.5 x 1.75 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 1.25 x 0.75 mm, with shallow transverse wrinkles, greyish brown.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual much-branched herb, prostrate, to ± 50 cm. in diameter, or sometimes decumbent with branches to 30 cm. long, longitudinally ridged, conspicuously so when dry, the whole plant completely glabrous or with a few scattered hairs on the lower leaf-surface and occasionally on the capsules.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to occasionally lanceolate, to 14 × 6 mm., base very obliquely rounded to subcordate, apex obtuse, margin serrate, sometimes obscurely so; petiole to 1.5 mm. long; stipules ± 1.5 mm. long, deeply divided with 3–5 linear points.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia solitary, on peduncles 1 mm. long, terminal and pseudoaxillary on short, leafy shoots, 1 × 1 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, minute, transversely elliptic, red, with small lobed pink or white appendages; involucral lobes minute, triangular, margin sharply toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm. long. Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles 0.5 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles 0.5 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 2 mm. long, acutely 3-lobed, 1.5 × 1.75 mm., with the angles often purple-tinged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 1.25 × 0.75 mm., greyish brown, with shallow transverse wrinkles and pits.
Figures
Fig. 78/1, p. 422.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, rarely perennial, prostrate and much-branched up to 50 cm in diameter or sometimes decumbent with branches up to 30 cm long; branches longitudinally ridged especially when dry, completely glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole to 1.5 mm long; stipules to 1.5 mm long, deeply divided into 3–5 linear points; lamina to 10 × 6 mm, ovate to occasionally lanceolate, obtuse at the apex, very obliquely rounded to subcordate at the base, margin minutely toothed, often very obscurely so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy shoots, solitary on peduncles 1 mm long, 1 × 1 mm with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, minute, transversely elliptic, red with small lobed pink or white appendages; involucral lobes minute, triangular, sharply toothed.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 0.5 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base. Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles 0.5 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 2 mm long, 1.5 × 1.75 mm, acutely 3-lobed with the angles often purple-tinged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.25 × 0.75 mm, oblong-conical, with shallow transverse wrinkles and pits, greyish-brown.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
N2; C2; S2, 3; Ethiopia, Kenya, NE Tanzania
Ecology
Altitude range 10–500 m.
Vernacular
Nayla ababis (Somali)

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf States, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Smooth creeping spurge

Euphorbia inaequilatera Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 18, 2008 Crawford, F. [46], Namibia K000450317
Kirk, J.W.C. [49], South Africa K000253190
Burtt Davy, J. [[1544]], South Africa K000253191
Schlechter, F.R.R. [3744], South Africa K000253192
Burchell, W.J. [2535], Botswana K000253193
Burtt Davy, J. [1544], South Africa K000253194
Burchell, W.J. [2476], Botswana K000253196
Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000253197
Bidgood, S. [6352], Tanzania K000468073
Burtt Davy, J. [1695], South Africa K000253189
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753], Saudi Arabia K000911939
Richards, H.M. [19793], Tanzania K000453294
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753], Saudi Arabia K000911937
Schweinfurth, G.A. [753], Saudi Arabia K000911938
Greenway, P.J. [10083], Tanzania K000453295
Schimper, M.W. [182], Ethiopia K000252796 syntype
Thulin, M. [290], Kenya Euphorbia inaequilatera var. spanothrix K000238141 holotype
Wellby, M.S. [s.n.], Kenya Euphorbia inaequilatera var. dentata K000252956

First published in Linnaea 23: 105 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 221 (1974).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 37 (1948).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 449 (1958).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan2: 72 (1952).
  • Hadidi in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 43: 97 (1973).
  • N.E. Br. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 246 (1915).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert1: 478 (1948).
  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 39: 647 (1984).
  • Sond. in Linnaea 23: 105 (1850).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/