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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 4(–10) m. high, with a simple trunk 12–25 cm. in diameter; branches at first ascending and 5-angled, finally horizontal and cylindrical to ± 3 m. long, with secondary branches arising loosely in whorls and rebranching to form a ± rounded slightly flattened crown; terminal branchlets fleshy, 3–4-angled and ± winged; angles sinuate-toothed with teeth 1.5–3 cm. apart.
Morphology General Spines
Spine-shields oblong-triangular, ± 4 × 2 mm. above the spines and extended to enclose the flowering eye, decurrent 1–3 mm.; spines to 5 mm. long; prickles minute or absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deltoid, ± 5(–13) × 3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary 1(–5)-forked, with peduncle 3–6 mm. and cyme-branches 5–9 mm. long; bracts rounded, ± 4 × 5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 4.5 × 9 mm, with funnel-shaped involucres, reddish purple; glands 5(–6), transversely elliptic, ± 2.5 × 4.5 mm, just touching, dark bluish purple; lobes 5(–6), transversely elliptic, ± 1.5 × 2 mm.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles plumose; stamens 5 mm. long, with blackish anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:perianth 3-lobed, with toothed lobes 1.25–2 mm. long; styles 2 mm. long, free to the base, apices thickened, slighdy bifid. Male flowers:bracteoles plumose; stamens 5 mm. long, with blackish anthers.
sex Female
Female flower:perianth 3-lobed, with toothed lobes 1.25–2 mm. long; styles 2 mm. long, free to the base, apices thickened, slighdy bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on an erect pedicel to 8 mm. long, deeply and acutely 3-lobed, with truncate base, ± 9 × 25 mm, reddish purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, ± 4.5 mm. long, minutely rugulose.
Habitat
Sandy soils (amongst coral rocks near the coast), with open deciduous woodland; 15 (–1000 in Malawi) m.
Distribution
known in East Africa from this collection only T8

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Much branched succulent, spiny tree to 4(10) m high.
Morphology Trunk
Trunk woody, to 12.5(25) cm in diameter; main branches spreading, eventually horizontal, 5-angled, eventually terete; secondary branches in distant whorls, 3–4-angled, c. 2.5 cm in diameter; angles prominent, sinuate with tubercles 1–3 cm apart along the margins.
Morphology General Spines
Spine shields to 8 × 2.5 mm, obtriangular, usually including the flowering eye, often decurrent and joined in a cartilaginous ridge on older branches; spines to 5 mm long, often becoming obsolete; prickles minute or absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves to 13 mm in diameter, ± circular, margins strongly revolute, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes solitary, central cyathium often bisexual, forking several times; peduncle 3–6 mm long; cyme branches 5–9 mm long; bracts 4 × 5 mm, ovate, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia to 4.5 × 9 mm, with broadly campanulate involucres, yellowish to reddish-purple; glands 4.5 mm wide, transversely elliptic, not quite touching, shiny reddish, turning dark purple.
sex Male
Male flowers numerous: bracteoles filiform; stamens c. 5 mm long, anthers almost black.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: perianth 3-lobed, lobes c. 1.25 mm long, irregularly dentate; styles 2 mm long, free almost to the base, spreading, with scarcely bifid capitate apices. Male flowers numerous: bracteoles filiform; stamens c. 5 mm long, anthers almost black.
sex Female
Female flower: perianth 3-lobed, lobes c. 1.25 mm long, irregularly dentate; styles 2 mm long, free almost to the base, spreading, with scarcely bifid capitate apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule deeply lobed, truncate, to 9 × 25 mm, exserted on an erect pedicel to 8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed subglobose, c. 4.5 mm long, minutely rugulose.

Native to:

Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia lividiflora L.C.Leach appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 6, 2002 Gomes, A.F. [s.n.], Mozambique K000048505
Sep 6, 2002 Leach, L.C. [10918], Mozambique K000048509
Sep 6, 2002 Ambrose, M.N. [s.n.], Mozambique K000048508
Sep 6, 2002 Mogg, A.O.D. [28957], Mozambique K000048506
Feb 13, 1998 Leach, L.C. [11129], Mozambique K000048507
Jan 1, 1992 Plowes, D.C.H. [s.n.], Zimbabwe K000048503
Jan 1, 1991 Brummitt, R.K. [8964], Malawi K000048501
Jan 1, 1991 Mitchell, B.L. [3016], Malawi K000048502
Jan 1, 1991 Brummitt, R.K. [14894], Malawi K000048500
Jan 1, 1991 Groenendijk, E.M.C. [1240], Mozambique K000049425
Sep 4, 1974 Richards, H.M. [17878], Tanzania K000049424
Jan 1, 1961 Leach, L.C. [11129A], Mozambique K000048504 isotype
Leach, L.C. [11253], Mozambique K000049426

First published in Kirkia 4: 20 (1964)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Leach in Kirkia 4: 20 (1964).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0