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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Botswana.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched prostrate annual herb; branches up to 35 cm long with upper surface covered in short appressed hairs, the lower surface glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole to 0.5 mm long; stipules to 0.4 mm long, linear, sometimes 2–3-toothed at the broader base; lamina to 14 × 8 mm, rounded and entire or obscurely toothed at the apex, very obliquely rounded at the base, glabrous or rarely with a few scattered hairs around the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy shoots, solitary on peduncles 0.5–1 mm long, c. 1.25 × 1.25 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, to almost 1 mm wide but usually much less, reddish with obvious white or pinkish lobed appendages to 0.6 × 1.5 mm; involucral lobes minute, triangular, with ciliate margins.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles very short (0.3 mm long), erect, bifid to halfway. Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary pedicellate; styles very short (0.3 mm long), erect, bifid to halfway.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel up to 3 mm long, 1.6 × 1.6 mm, acutely 3-lobed with truncate base, usually glabrous, occasionally with a few long spreading hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.9 × 0.5 mm, ovate-conical, 4-angled with a few very obscure ridges and grooves, pinkish-brown.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched prostrate annual herb, with branches to 35 cm. long, the upper surface covered with short, adpressed hairs, the lower surface glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves obovate, to 14 × 8 mm., base very obliquely rounded, apex rounded and entire, obscurely toothed or minutely apiculate, glabrous or rarely with a few scattered hairs around the margin; petiole to 0.5 mm. long; stipules free, linear to 0.4 mm. long, sometimes 2–3-toothed at the broader base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia solitary on peduncles 0.5–1 mm. long, terminal and pseudoaxillary on short leafy shoots, ± 1.25 × 1.25 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, transversely elliptic, to almost 1 mm. wide but usually much less, reddish, with distinct white or pinkish lobed appendages, to 0.6 × 1.5 mm.; involucral lobes minute, triangular with ciliate margins.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles minute (0.3 mm. long), erect, bifid to halfway. Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate; stamens 1.25 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary pedicellate; styles minute (0.3 mm. long), erect, bifid to halfway.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 3 mm. long, acutely 3-lobed with truncate base, 1.6 × 1.6 mm., usually glabrous, occasionally with a few long spreading hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate-conical, sharply 4-angled, 0.9 × 0.5 mm., pinkish brown, with a few very obscure ridges and grooves.
Figures
Fig. 78/3.
Habitat
On sandy, gritty soils in open bushland and grassland; 500–1220 m.
Distribution
T1 T3 T4 T7 T8

Native to:

Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia mossambicensis (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 30, 1962 McClounie, J. [169], Malawi K000253051
Nov 30, 1962 McClounie, J. [169], Malawi K000253052
Nov 30, 1962 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000253053
Peters [33], Mozambique K000253050 holotype

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 36 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Boiss. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 36 (1862).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 509 (1911), both as ‘ E. mozambicensis’.
  • S. Carter in Kew Bulletin 39: 644 (1984).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0