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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
A many-branched shrubby perennial herb, 0.2–1 m high, from a woody shortly rhizomatous rootstock; branches glabrous or usually minutely pubescent towards the apex.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves crowded, subsessile, spreading or reflexed, glabrous except for a minute pubescence usually apparent at the base; lamina 10–20 × 1–3 mm, linear, apiculate at the apex, abruptly cuneate at the base, with thickened and ± revolute margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal in 3–5-branched umbels, with primary rays to 1 cm long and usually minutely pubescent, each 1–3-forked, with 1 or more branches often developing as leafy shoots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts to c. 6 × 6 mm, rhomboid, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia subsessile, c. 2.5 × 4.5 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, c. 1 × 2 mm, transversely oblong, margin crenulate, crescent-shaped or shortly 2-horned; lobes 0.8 mm long, rounded, margin deeply 2-toothed, finely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: bracteoles linear, ciliate; stamens 3.5 mm long. Female flower: ovary glabrous; styles 1.5 mm long, joined at the base, with spreading obviously bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles linear, ciliate; stamens 3.5 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary glabrous; styles 1.5 mm long, joined at the base, with spreading obviously bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 6 mm long, c. 3.5 × 4 mm, deeply 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2.8 × 1.8 mm, ovoid, smooth, black; caruncle 0.5 mm across.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
A sparsely-branched straggling herb, to c. 1 m high; branches slender, woody, minutely pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile; petiole flattened, to c. 1 mm long, pubescent; lamina reflexed, 2–10 × 1–2 mm, linear-lanceolate, minutely apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, with margins entire and revolute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary and terminal, 4–8 clustered in pseudumbels at the branch apices, with primary rays to 1 cm long, each 1–2-forked, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts sessile, to c. 4 × 3 mm, ovate, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 2 × 3 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, spreading, c. 1 × 1.5 mm, transversely elliptic to ± crescent-shaped or occasionally with 2 minute horns; lobes 0.5 mm long, quadrangular, apex minutely 2-toothed, margin ciliolate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate, pubescent; stamens 2.3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: ovary glabrous; styles 1.2 mm long, joined at the base, with spreading bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles laciniate, pubescent; stamens 2.3 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary glabrous; styles 1.2 mm long, joined at the base, with spreading bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 4.5 mm long, c. 3 × 3 mm, deeply 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2 × 1.3 mm, ovoid, smooth, shiny black; caruncle 0.6 mm across.

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia natalensis Bernh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2012 Drege, J.F. [657], Northern Cape Province Euphorbia epicyparissias K000913032 isotype
[CBS] [s.n.], South Africa Euphorbia epicyparissias K000253230
Pegler, A. [460], South Africa Euphorbia epicyparissias K000253231 Unknown type material
Wallich, N. [1540] Euphorbia epicyparissias K000913047
Drege, J.F. [s.n.], Mpumalanga Euphorbia epicyparissias K000913048 syntype
Krebs [s.n.] Euphorbia epicyparissias K000913045 syntype
Burchell, W.J. [2846], Eastern Cape Province Euphorbia epicyparissias K000913046
Carter, S. [2077], Zimbabwe Euphorbia crebrifolia 54945.000
Carter, S. [2077], Zimbabwe Euphorbia crebrifolia K000253065 holotype

First published in Flora 28: 86 (1845)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0