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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby perennial herb to 1.2 m high, with softly woody stems and branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole to 2 cm long; stipules glandular; lamina to 11 × 5 cm, obovate, rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous, or occasionally with a few long spreading hairs on the petiole and lower margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in 3(5)-branched umbels on peduncles to 15(19) cm long, from whorls of 4–7 leaves at the branch apices, with primary rays to 10 cm long, each forking usually once only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts c. 1.5–2 mm in diameter, ovate to suborbicular, subsessile to shortly petiolate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles c. 1 mm long, 3 × 5 mm with funnel-shaped involucres; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium of the umbel, spreading, c. 2 mm broad, transversely elliptic, the outer margin 2-lobed; involucral lobes c. 1 × 1.5 mm, broadly rounded, margin ciliate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles few, strap-shaped, ciliate on upper margins and deeply divided; stamens 4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles 3.5–4.5 mm long, joined to halfway, erect with slightly spreading very shortly bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles few, strap-shaped, ciliate on upper margins and deeply divided; stamens 4 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: styles 3.5–4.5 mm long, joined to halfway, erect with slightly spreading very shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 6 mm long, 8 × 10 mm, deeply 3-lobed with a sunken apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 5.5 × 4 mm, ovoid with an acute apex, surface sparsely covered with large flattened warts, brownish-grey.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby perennial herb 1–1.5 m high, with fleshy stem and branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves obovate, 4–12 x 2–5 cm, apex rounded, base cuneate, margin entire, lower surface glaucous and pilose with long hairs especially along the midrib, but often glabrous at maturity; petiole 1–2.5 cm long, pilose; stipules glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in 3–5-branched umbels on peduncles 5–12 cm long produced from whorls of 5–10 leaves at the swollen apices of branches, with rays 1–4 cm long, forking 1–2 times; bracts suborbicular, 1 mm in diam. Cyathia subsessile, 7 mm in diam.; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium of the umbel, 3 mm broad, 2–4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 1.5 mm long, joined at the base, suberect with spreading bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel 5–8 mm long, deeply 3-lobed with a slightly sunken apex, 8 x 10 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid with acute apex, 5 x 3.5 mm, with longitudinal rows of large flattened tubercles, brownish grey.
Distribution
S1, 3; S Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, N Zambia, Malawi
Ecology
Altitude range 50–125 m.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby perennial herb to 3(3.5) m high, with greyish semi-succulent stems and branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a pilose petiole to 4 cm long; stipules glandular; lamina to 17 × 6 cm, obovate, rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, glaucous especially beneath, sparsely pilose on the lower surface with long (1–1.5 mm) spreading hairs especially along the midrib, rarely completely glabrous in mature leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in 3–5-branched umbels on peduncles to 12 cm long, from whorls of 5–10 leaves at the swollen apices of branches, with primary rays to 8 cm long, each forking twice.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts c. 1.5 cm in diameter, the lower ones larger, subcircular, subsessile to shortly petiolate, glabrous except for a few hairs along the lower margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles to 1.5 mm long, 3 × 7 mm, with funnel-shaped involucres; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium of the umbel, spreading, c. 3 mm broad, transversely elliptic, the outer margin 2–4-lobed with each lobe sometimes shortly divided; involucral lobes c. 1 × 1.5 mm, broadly rounded, margin ciliate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles few, strap-shaped, upper margin ciliate and sometimes deeply divided; stamens 4.5–5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles 2.5–3.5 mm long, joined for 0.5–1 mm, suberect with spreading shortly bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles few, strap-shaped, upper margin ciliate and sometimes deeply divided; stamens 4.5–5 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: styles 2.5–3.5 mm long, joined for 0.5–1 mm, suberect with spreading shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 8 mm long, 8 × 10 mm, deeply 3-lobed with a sunken apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 5.5 × 4 mm, ovoid with acute apex, surface with rather closely-set large flattened warts, brownish-grey.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby perennial herb to 3(–4) m. high with grey succulent glabrous stems and branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves obovate, to 15 × 6 cm., base cuneate, apex rounded, margin entire, glaucous especially beneath, lower surface pilose with long (to 1.5 mm.) spreading hairs especially along the midrib, mature leaves rarely completely glabrous; petiole to 4 cm. long, pilose; stipules glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in 3–5-branched umbels on peduncles to 12 cm. long produced from whorls of 5–10 leaves at the swollen apices of branches, with primary rays to 8 cm. long, forking twice; bracts subcircular, ± 1.5 cm. in diameter, the lower ones larger, subsessile to shortly petiolate, glabrous except for a few hairs along the lower margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia on peduncles to 1.5 mm. long, 3 × 7 mm., with funnel-shaped involucres; glands 4, or 5 on the central cyathium of the umbel, spreading, transversely elliptic, ± 3 mm. broad, outer margin 2–4-lobed, with each lobe sometimes shortly divided; involucral lobes broadly rounded, ± 1 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles few, strap-shaped, upper margin ciliate and sometimes deeply divided; stamens 4.5–5 mm. long. Female flower:styles 2.5 mm. long, joined for 0.5 mm., suberect with spreading shortly bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles few, strap-shaped, upper margin ciliate and sometimes deeply divided; stamens 4.5–5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 2.5 mm. long, joined for 0.5 mm., suberect with spreading shortly bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 8 mm. long, deeply 3-lobed with a slighdy sunken apex, 8 × 10 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid with acute apex, ± 5 × 3.5 mm., brownish grey with longitudinal rows of large flattened tubercles.
Figures
Fig. 84/5–8, p. 453.
Habitat
On rocky slopes in dense bushland or light woodland, usually near stream beds; 500–1800 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Euphorbia transvaalensis Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wild, H. [35375], Zimbabwe 4134.000
Galpin, E.E. [1198], South Africa K000253238 Unknown type material
MacArthur, C.G., Kenya Euphorbia goetzei 15798.000
Napier Bax, P. [TNP/GS/14], Kenya Euphorbia goetzei 26179.000
Kenya Euphorbia goetzei 31964.000
Bally, P.R.O. [E178], Tanzania Euphorbia goetzei 4132.000
Gillett, J.B. [14025], Kenya Euphorbia goetzei 4139.000
Goetze, W. [450] Euphorbia goetzei K000252974

First published in J. Bot. 34: 394 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2012). Nomenclature and typification of southern African species of Euphorbia Bothalia 42: 217-245.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0