1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Otomeria Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or perennial erect, subprostrate or twining herbs with mostly hairy stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves paired; stipules with base divided into several narrow segments.
    Flowers
    Flowers small and white or rather large and coloured, hermaphrodite, monomorphic or dimorphic, in cymose heads, which in fruit develop into a long simple spike with the fruits geminately arranged and a solitary remotely placed flower in the axil at the base of the spike (save in subgen. Volubiles where the cluster remains dense).
    Calyx
    Calyx tube ovoid or elongate-oblong; lobes unequal, 5,1–3 foliaceous and larger than the rest, alternating with small colleters.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube long and narrow, with a markedly ovoid-oblong apical dilation in long-styled forms; throat densely hairy; lobes in small-flowered species elliptic, but in large-flowered species broader, ovate to orbicular, narrowing to the base where the lobes are often connate for a short distance.
    Stamens
    Stamens completely exserted in short-styled forms.
    Style
    Style exserted in long-styled forms, the stigma bifid with filiform lobes; anthers completely included in the apical dilation of the corolla tube.
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, compressed, ribbed, opening by apical valves and also frequently splitting longitudinally.
    Seeds
    Seeds small, reticulate.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual or perennial erect, subprostrate or twining herbs with mostly hairy stems
    Leaves
    Leaves paired; stipules with base divided into several narrow segments
    Flowers
    Flowers small and white or rather large and coloured, hermaphrodite, monomorphic or dimorphic, in cymose heads, which in fruit develop into a long simple spike with the fruits geminately arranged and a solitary remotely placed flower in the axil at the base of the spike (save in subgen. Volubiles where the cluster remains dense)
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ovoid or elongate-oblong; lobes unequal, 5, 1–3 foliaceous and larger than the rest, alternating with small colleters
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube long and narrow, with a markedly ovoid-oblong apical dilation in long-styled forms; throat densely hairy; lobes in small-flowered species elliptic, but in large-flowered species broader, ovate to orbicular, narrowing to the base where the lobes are often connate for a short distance
    Stamens
    Stamens completely exserted in short-styled forms
    Pistil
    Style exserted in long-styled forms, the stigma bifid with filiform lobes; anthers completely included in the apical dilation of the corolla tube
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, compressed, ribbed, opening by apical valves and also frequently splitting longitudinally
    Seeds
    Seeds small, reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Otomeria Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 405 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Verdcourt in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 23: 6 (1953). Hepper in Kew Bull 14: 253 (1960).
    • —F.T.A. 3: 49
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.23: 5–34, 249 (1953).
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 405 (1849).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in B.J.B.B. 23: 5–34, 249 (1953)
    • in Hook., Niger Fl.: 405 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0