1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Paederia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Straggling or climbing usually foetid-smelling shrubs, with mostly slender flexuous stems, more rarely suberect
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly petiolate, opposite or in whorls of 3; stipules intrapetiolar, ovate to narrowly triangular, not divided into lobes or sometimes bifid where forming bracts at base of inflorescence, deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly rather small, usually pedicellate, rarely subsessile, not heterostylous, in axillary or terminal branched cymes or panicles, or in fascicles
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 4–5, triangular or subulate, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube cylindrical, campanulate or narrowly funnel-shaped, the throat glabrous or hairy, the base often split for a short way into 5 parts separated by dense hairs giving a characteristic appearance; lobes 4–5, short, narrow or broad, induplicate-valvate, often hairy and sometimes margined
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5, inserted in the corolla-tube, the anthers either included or exserted, often at unequal heights; filaments mostly very short
    Disc
    Disc usually hemispherical
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3-locular, with a solitary erect ovule in each locule; styles filiform, free or joined; stigma-lobes 2–3, filiform, included or exserted
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or compressed-ovoid or -ellipsoid, with a thin brittle usually shiny epicarp, splitting into 2–3 round or elliptic 1-seeded pyrenes which are dorsally compressed, marginally winged or not, membranous to coriaceous, and at length often pendulous from a detached rib-like external main nerve
    Seeds
    Seeds the same shape as the pyrenes and intimately associated with them, dorsally very compressed, with fleshy albumen and large embryo bearing cordate leafy cotyledons.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Shrubs, mostly climbing, foetid-smelling.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually petiolate; stipules entire, ± triangular, deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary or terminal thyrsoid inflorescences, or solitary.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 4–5, persistent.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube cylindrical to narrowly campanulate, hairy inside, base often splitting into 4–5 parts; lobes 4–5, shorter than tube, valvate in aestivation.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5, inserted near or at mouth of corolla tube, anthers included or exserted and usually at different heights; filaments short.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2(3)-locular, with a solitary erect ovule in each chamber, crowned by a small disk; styles filiform, free or joined; stigma lobes 2(3), filiform.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose to compressed-ovoid or -ellipsoid; exocarp thin, papery and brittle, at length breaking open and falling off, exposing 2(3) round to elliptic, laterally compressed and often distinctly winged 1-seeded pyrenes which are pendulous from a detached persistent median vein.
    Seeds
    Seed compressed, similar in shape to unwinged part ofpyrene; testa thin; endosperm copious, embryo large, with conspicuous cordate cotyledons.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Christmas I., Florida, Hawaii, Mauritius, New Caledonia, North Carolina, Réunion

    Paederia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis, A.P. [2562], Madagascar 64143.000
    Davis, A.P. [1165], Madagascar 62441.000
    Davis, A.P. [1171], Madagascar 62443.000
    Davis, A.P. [1177], Madagascar 71177.000
    Davis, A.P. [3121], Madagascar 76256.000

    First published in Mant. Pl. 1: 7, 52 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mant. Pl. 1: 7, 52 (1767) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mant. Pl.: 7, 52 (1767), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0