1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia brevipes Pax

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Somalia and Zimbabwe.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A perennial, monoecious pubescent and setose usually strongly urticating sometimes erect but usually straggling or twining and scandent herb or shrub up to 4.5 m. but more often ± 1 m. high, the stems arising from a woody stock and twining anticlockwise, sometimes the petioles also twining.
    Leaves
    Petiole (0.5–)1–6(–10) cm. long; blade ovate, occasionally ovate-lanceolate, (2–)4–10(–14) cm. long, (1–)3–7(–8.5) cm. wide, acutely acuminate, deeply and narrowly cordate, sharply serrate, membranaceous, 5–7(–9)-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 4(–6) pairs, not or scarcely prominent above, slightly so beneath, sparingly pubescent and with a few scattered stinging hairs towards the base above, sparingly, evenly or densely pubescent or sometimes almost tomentose with stinging hairs along the midrib and main nerves beneath, bright green above, paler beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, (3–)4–6.5 mm. long, acute, sparingly to evenly pubescent, somewhat reflexed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed, rarely lateral or axillary, (1.5–)4–10(–14) cm. long, the peduncles 0.5–4 cm. long, fairly lax-flowered, usually distally ♂ with (1–)2(–4) ♀ flowers below, rarely some inflorescences all ♂; axis evenly to densely pubescent, sometimes sparingly setose; ♂ bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 1.5–2(–2.5) mm. long, acute, pubescent without, glabrous within, later becoming reflexed, 1(–2)-flowered; bracteoles ± subulate, ± 1 mm. long; ♀ bracts 3–4 mm. long, and bracteoles 2 mm. long, otherwise as in ♂.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:pedicels 1.3 mm. long, sparingly pubescent; buds trigonous, sparingly pubescent; calyx-lobes broadly ovate-suborbicular, 1.3 mm. long and wide, minutely apiculate, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, greenish white; stamens 0.5 mm. long, filaments stout and squat, pale green, anthers 0.3 mm. across, yellow; pistillode shortly columnar, sharply triquetrous. Female flowers:pedicels 0.5 mm. long, extending to ± 5 mm. long in fruit, stouter than those of ♂, densely pubescent; calyx-lobes 6, in 2 series of 3, those of the outer whorl 2.5 mm. long and wide, those of the inner slightly smaller, accrescent to 1–1.4 cm. long and 0.5–0.8 cm. wide in fruit, the outer ovate, the inner ovate-lanceolate in outline, with (2–)3–4(–5) subulate to linear-falcate and somewhat flexuous lobules on each side and a terminal linear-lanceolate one, the lobules much longer than the width of the rhachis, rhachis pubescent without, ± glabrous within, the lobules pubescent without and within and densely hirsute on the margin, later becoming densely fulvous to ferruginous setose, the rhachis brownish green without, stramineous within, the lobules yellowish green; ovary trilobate, the keels opposite the inner whorl of calyx-lobes, 1.5 mm. diameter, densely pubescent, and densely setose on the keels, pale green; styles 3, 3.5 mm. long, united for ± two-thirds their length, the free parts spreading and slightly recurved at the apex, dull green, the stigmatic surfaces rugulose, yellowish green.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 1.3 mm. long, sparingly pubescent; buds trigonous, sparingly pubescent; calyx-lobes broadly ovate-suborbicular, 1.3 mm. long and wide, minutely apiculate, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, greenish white; stamens 0.5 mm. long, filaments stout and squat, pale green, anthers 0.3 mm. across, yellow; pistillode shortly columnar, sharply triquetrous.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 0.5 mm. long, extending to ± 5 mm. long in fruit, stouter than those of ♂, densely pubescent; calyx-lobes 6, in 2 series of 3, those of the outer whorl 2.5 mm. long and wide, those of the inner slightly smaller, accrescent to 1–1.4 cm. long and 0.5–0.8 cm. wide in fruit, the outer ovate, the inner ovate-lanceolate in outline, with (2–)3–4(–5) subulate to linear-falcate and somewhat flexuous lobules on each side and a terminal linear-lanceolate one, the lobules much longer than the width of the rhachis, rhachis pubescent without, ± glabrous within, the lobules pubescent without and within and densely hirsute on the margin, later becoming densely fulvous to ferruginous setose, the rhachis brownish green without, stramineous within, the lobules yellowish green; ovary trilobate, the keels opposite the inner whorl of calyx-lobes, 1.5 mm. diameter, densely pubescent, and densely setose on the keels, pale green; styles 3, 3.5 mm. long, united for ± two-thirds their length, the free parts spreading and slightly recurved at the apex, dull green, the stigmatic surfaces rugulose, yellowish green.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 4–5 mm. long, 8–9 mm. diameter, evenly pubescent and hirsute, and setose on the keels, greenish-yellow at first, later becoming dull pale brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 mm. diameter, minutely papillose, pale grey, flecked and mottled with dark reddish brown.
    Habitat
    Common on forest edges, thickets, lakeside and riverine associations, wooded grassland, spreading into disturbed places; 700–2150 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 from Cameroun eastwards to Somalia and south to Zimbabwe
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Very similar to T. okanyua, from which it differs in having ovate leaves which are not lobed at the base, but which are narrowly and deeply cordate, and in having the female calyx lobes accrescent to up to 1.5 cm long and generally much more densely setose.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tragia brevipes Pax appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    2125.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 103 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 242, t. 66/2 (1983).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 216 (1974).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 470 (1948).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 105 (1921).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(9): 77 (1919).
    • Prain in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 983 (1913).
    • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 240 (1895).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19: 103 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0