1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia durbanensis Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to Cape Prov.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A much-branched climbing perennial herb, weakly urticating, monoecious; stems from a woody rootstock, up to 2.5 m long, twining, subglabrous or sparingly puberulous, rarely evenly hispid.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3–4 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous.
    Petiole
    Petiole 0.5–3 cm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 2–6 × 1.5–4.5 cm, triangular-ovate to triangular, sometimes with 2 weakly developed lateral lobes at the base, acute to subacute or obtuse at the apex, crenate to crenate-serrate or crenate-dentate on the margins, wide-cordate at the base, membranaceous, 5–7-nerved from the base, very sparingly puberulous and with a few scattered setae to almost glabrous on both surfaces; lateral nerves in 3–4 pairs, scarcely prominent above or beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 5.5 cm long with peduncles up to 2 cm long, terminal on lateral shoots and leaf-opposed on the main stems, composed mostly of male flowers with 1–2 female flowers below or else all male; male bracts 1 mm long, lanceolate; male bracteoles 0.7 mm long, linear-lanceolate; female bracts 2 × 1.5 mm, ovate; female bracteoles resembling the male bracts.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds 3-lobed to subglobose; calyx lobes 1 × 1 mm, suborbicular, obtuse, subglabrous, green; stamens 3, 0.5 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed, minute. Female flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long, extending to 2–3 mm in fruit; calyx lobes 3, 1.5 × 2 mm, accrescent to 4 × 6 mm, each lobe palmately 18–22-lobulate, the lobules linear-lanceolate, shorter than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, sparingly puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis transversely ovate-suborbicular, sparingly puberulous and setose without, glabrous within, yellowish, only becoming slightly hardened; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, setose; styles 3, 2–3 mm long, connate to halfway, glabrous, stigmas smooth, recurved.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds 3-lobed to subglobose; calyx lobes 1 × 1 mm, suborbicular, obtuse, subglabrous, green; stamens 3, 0.5 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed, minute.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 0.5 mm long, extending to 2–3 mm in fruit; calyx lobes 3, 1.5 × 2 mm, accrescent to 4 × 6 mm, each lobe palmately 18–22-lobulate, the lobules linear-lanceolate, shorter than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, sparingly puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis transversely ovate-suborbicular, sparingly puberulous and setose without, glabrous within, yellowish, only becoming slightly hardened; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, setose; styles 3, 2–3 mm long, connate to halfway, glabrous, stigmas smooth, recurved.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5 × 8 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, setose on the keels, otherwise ± glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 mm in diameter, globose, pale greyish-fulvous, with chestnut-brown flecks, and with scattered circular patches fringed with papillae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique

    Tragia durbanensis Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000253333
    Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000253334

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 293 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0