1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia gardneri Prain

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect, branched, urticating perennial herb up to 50 cm tall, monoecious; stems several from a woody rootstock, sparingly puberulous and stinging-setose.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–4 mm long, lanceolate.
    Petiole
    Petiole 1–4 mm long, or leaves sessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 1–6 × 0.5–2.5 cm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, acute or subacute at the apex, crenate-serrate to sharply serrate on the margins except at the base, truncate or subtruncate at the base, chartaceous, 3(5)-nerved from the base, sparingly finely puberulous on upper surface, setose along the midrib and main nerves beneath; lateral nerves in 5–7 pairs, scarcely prominent on leaf upper and lower surfaces.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 11 cm long, on peduncles up to 5 cm long, terminal or leaf-opposed, comprised mostly of male flowers with 2 female flowers at the base; axis pubescent and setose; male bracts 2 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, entire; male bracteoles 1 mm long, linear-lanceolate; female bracts and bracteoles 2–3 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate, sometimes denticulate.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds ellipsoid-subglobose; calyx lobes 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate, subacute, glabrous; stamens 3(4), 1 mm long; pistillode slightly raised, usually 3-radiate.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: pedicels 2 mm long, not or scarcely extending in fruit in length; calyx lobes 3, c. 1.5 × 1.5 mm, accrescent to 4.5 × 6 mm, each lobe c. 20-lobulate, the lobules shortly lanceolate, much shorter than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis transversely-ovate to suborbicular, minutely puberulous and setose without, glabrous within, stramineous, at length somewhat woody proximally; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose; styles 2–3 mm long, erect, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, straight. Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds ellipsoid-subglobose; calyx lobes 1.5 × 1 mm, ovate, subacute, glabrous; stamens 3(4), 1 mm long; pistillode slightly raised, usually 3-radiate.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 2 mm long, not or scarcely extending in fruit in length; calyx lobes 3, c. 1.5 × 1.5 mm, accrescent to 4.5 × 6 mm, each lobe c. 20-lobulate, the lobules shortly lanceolate, much shorter than the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, puberulous and setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis transversely-ovate to suborbicular, minutely puberulous and setose without, glabrous within, stramineous, at length somewhat woody proximally; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose; styles 2–3 mm long, erect, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, straight.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5 × 8 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, puberulous, densely setose on the keels.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5 mm in diameter, globose, dark grey, mottled chestnut, ± smooth but white-papillose alongside the hilum.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Zimbabwe

    Tragia gardneri Prain appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Biegel, H.M. [2094], Zimbabwe K000315204
    Biegel, H.M. [2715], Zimbabwe K000315205
    Plowes, D.C.H. [1929], Zimbabwe K000315202
    Goldsmith, B. [64/56], Zimbabwe K000315201
    Rutherford-Smith, R.O.B. [228], Zimbabwe K000315203
    Gardner, J. [34], Zimbabwe K000315200 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 52 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0