1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia glabrescens Pax

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    A perennial, monoecious, sparingly pubescent or puberulous and setose to subglabrous twining slightly glaucous herb up to ± 1.5 m. with several stems arising from a woody stock.
    Leaves
    Petiole 0.7–4 cm. long, blade triangular-ovate, (1.5–)2–5(–7) cm. long, 1–3(–4) cm. wide, acute, fairly deeply and widely cordate, crenate to crenate-serrate or -dentate, firmly membranous to thinly chartaceous, 5–7(–9)-nerved from the base, lateral nerves 2–4 pairs, not or scarcely prominent above, slightly so beneath, sparingly hispid-setose along the midrib and main nerves above and beneath, otherwise glabrous.
    Stipules
    Stipules triangular-ovate to -lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, acute, entire, subglabrous, erect or patent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed, 2–5(–8) cm. long, the peduncles 0.7–1.5(–3) cm. long, distally ♂ with 1–2 ♀ flowers below, occasionally some inflorescences all ♂, axis puberulous or pubescent and setose; ♂ bracts rhombic-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long, acute, entire, subglabrous, erect to patent and recurved, 1-flowered; bracteoles linear, 0.5–1 mm. long; ♀ bracts ovate, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, reflexed, otherwise as in ♂; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:pedicels 0.75 mm. long, pubescent; buds compressed-ovoid, glabrous; calyx-lobes elliptic-ovate, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, cucullate, glabrous without and within, green; stamens 1 mm. long, anthers 0.3 mm. across; pistillode trifid, the segments dilated at the apex. Female flowers:pedicels 1.5–2 mm. long, stouter than in ♂, puberulous, not extending in fruit; calyx-lobes 6, in 2 series of 3, those of the outer whorl elliptic-ovate in outline, with 9 triangular-lanceolate lobules, 4 on each side, those of the inner elliptic-lanceolate, with 7 lobules, 3 on each side, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, accrescent to 5 mm. long and 2.5–3 mm. wide, the lobules ± as long as the width of the rhachis, the rhachis subglabrous without, glabrous within, the lobules evenly setose on their margins, the rhachis yellowish with dark green veins, the lobules also dark green; ovary trilobate-subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. diameter, densely setose on the keels, elsewhere hispid and puberulous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, united for ± half their length, the free parts suberect and slightly recurved at the apex, the stigmatic surfaces ± smooth.
    Male
    Male flowers:pedicels 0.75 mm. long, pubescent; buds compressed-ovoid, glabrous; calyx-lobes elliptic-ovate, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, cucullate, glabrous without and within, green; stamens 1 mm. long, anthers 0.3 mm. across; pistillode trifid, the segments dilated at the apex.
    Female
    Female flowers:pedicels 1.5–2 mm. long, stouter than in ♂, puberulous, not extending in fruit; calyx-lobes 6, in 2 series of 3, those of the outer whorl elliptic-ovate in outline, with 9 triangular-lanceolate lobules, 4 on each side, those of the inner elliptic-lanceolate, with 7 lobules, 3 on each side, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, accrescent to 5 mm. long and 2.5–3 mm. wide, the lobules ± as long as the width of the rhachis, the rhachis subglabrous without, glabrous within, the lobules evenly setose on their margins, the rhachis yellowish with dark green veins, the lobules also dark green; ovary trilobate-subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. diameter, densely setose on the keels, elsewhere hispid and puberulous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, united for ± half their length, the free parts suberect and slightly recurved at the apex, the stigmatic surfaces ± smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruits trilobate, 4 mm. long, 8 mm. diameter, evenly to sparingly setose on the keels, otherwise sparingly puberulous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–3.5 mm. diameter, greyish brown, streaked and flecked with dark reddish brown, and here and there with paler grey circular patches, each with a densely papillose margin.
    Habitat
    Coastal bushland and thickets, spreading into disturbed places; 170–365 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 not known elsewhere (but see note).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Tragia glabrescens Pax appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holst, C. [2984], Tanzania K000425686

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 104 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 106 (1921).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 147(9): 75 (1919).
    • Prain in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 988 (1913).
    • Pax in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 240 (1895).
    • Pax in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19.: 104 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0