1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia incisifolia Prain

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect sparingly branched urticating perennial herb to c. 30(40) cm tall, monoecious; stems few from a slender woody rootstock, pubescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules 2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, ciliate, otherwise glabrous, becoming reflexed.
    Petiole
    Petiole up to 12 mm long, or leaves subsessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 1–5 × 0.5–2 cm, ovate to lanceolate in outline, acute at the apex, deeply incised-dentate or laciniate, cuneate to rounded or truncate at the base, thinly chartaceous, 3–5(7)-nerved from the base, sparingly setose along the midrib and main nerves on both surfaces, otherwise usually subglabrous; lateral nerves in 2–4 pairs, slightly prominent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 9 cm long, the peduncle up to 5 cm long, terminal or leaf-opposed, bisexual with 1–4 female flowers at the base; male bracts and female bracteoles resembling the stipules; male bracteoles 1 mm long, linear; female bracts 3 mm long, lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds obovoid; calyx lobes 1.5 × 0.5–1 mm, lanceolate to broadly ovate, glabrous, yellowish-green; stamens c. 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed. Female flowers: pedicels c. 1.5 mm long, scarcely extending in fruit, very stout, densely pubescent; calyx lobes 6, biseriate, 3 × 2 mm, accrescent to 4–5 × 3–4 mm, each lobe (7)9–13 lobulate, the lobules linear and equalling or exceeding the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis ± triangular-lanceolate, ± glabrous, becoming hardened, stramineous; ovary 1.5–2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose on the keels, otherwise ± glabrous; styles 3, c. 2 mm long, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas shallowly papillose, recurved at the tips.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1 mm long; buds obovoid; calyx lobes 1.5 × 0.5–1 mm, lanceolate to broadly ovate, glabrous, yellowish-green; stamens c. 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels c. 1.5 mm long, scarcely extending in fruit, very stout, densely pubescent; calyx lobes 6, biseriate, 3 × 2 mm, accrescent to 4–5 × 3–4 mm, each lobe (7)9–13 lobulate, the lobules linear and equalling or exceeding the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, setose, green, the calyx-lobe rhachis ± triangular-lanceolate, ± glabrous, becoming hardened, stramineous; ovary 1.5–2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, densely setose on the keels, otherwise ± glabrous; styles 3, c. 2 mm long, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas shallowly papillose, recurved at the tips.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5 × 8 mm, 3-lobed, the keels slightly shouldered, smooth, setose on the keels, otherwise ± glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 mm in diameter, subglobose, pale grey, flecked with light brown and with scattered circular patches of white papillae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Tragia incisifolia Prain appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [11781], South Africa K000253341 Unknown type material
    Bolus, H. [9779], South Africa K000253340 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1912: 237 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0