1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia minor Sond.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect urticating perennial herb up to 50 cm tall, monoecious; stems 1–2, arising from a woody rootstock, subsimple or basally sparingly branched, hispid.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3–4 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate, otherwise glabrous, spreading.
    Petiole
    Petiole 1–6 mm long, densely hispid.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 2.5–6.5 × 1–3 cm, lanceolate, acute or subacute at the apex, coarsely sharply serrate or crenate-serrate on the margins, shallowly cordate at the base, thinly chartaceous, 5–7-nerved from the base, sparingly hispid and setose along the midrib and main nerves on both surfaces, otherwise ± glabrous; lateral nerves in 4–5 pairs, fairly prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 7.5 cm long, the peduncle up to 4.5 cm long, terminal or leaf-opposed, bisexual, with 1–3 female flowers at the base; male bracts and female bracteoles 2–4 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate; male bracteoles 2 mm long, linear-oblanceolate; female bracts 5 × 2 mm, lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1.5 mm long; buds obovoid; calyx lobes 2 × 1.5 mm, elliptic-ovate, subglabrous; stamens 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed. Female flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long, extending slightly in fruit; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1 mm, accrescent to 8–10 × 4–5 mm, each lobe 11–13-lobulate, the lobules ascending, linear-lanceolate and equalling or exceeding the width of the rhachis, densely setose, green, the rhachis lanceolate, hispid and setose without, glabrous within, becoming hardened, stramineous; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, hispid and setose on the keels; styles 3, 3 mm long, erect, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, ± straight.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1.5 mm long; buds obovoid; calyx lobes 2 × 1.5 mm, elliptic-ovate, subglabrous; stamens 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long, extending slightly in fruit; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1 mm, accrescent to 8–10 × 4–5 mm, each lobe 11–13-lobulate, the lobules ascending, linear-lanceolate and equalling or exceeding the width of the rhachis, densely setose, green, the rhachis lanceolate, hispid and setose without, glabrous within, becoming hardened, stramineous; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, hispid and setose on the keels; styles 3, 3 mm long, erect, connate at the base, glabrous, stigmas smooth, ± straight.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5 × 8 mm, 3-lobed, smooth, hispid and setose on the keels, otherwise glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5 mmin diameter, subglobose, grey, occasionally flecked with brown, and with irregularly aggregated circular densely papillose whitish patches.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Tragia minor Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Linnaea 23: 108 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0