1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia rhodesiae Pax

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect urticating perennial herb up to 75 cm tall, monoecious; stems few, branched, arising from a woody rootstock, indumentum a mixture of short soft hairs and longer stiffer hairs and sometimes with some stinging bristles.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3–5 mm long, lanceolate, acute, pubescent without, glabrous within.
    Petiole
    Petioles short, 2–8(20) mm long.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade 2–10 × 1–5 cm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acute or acutely to obtusely acuminate at the apex, serrate to crenate-serrate on the margins, usually narrowly and fairly deeply cordate at the base, membranous, 5–7-nerved from the base, evenly to sparingly pubescent, at least with urticating bristles along the midrib and main nerves beneath, sometimes also above; lateral nerves in 3–4 pairs, somewhat prominent above, prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences up to 13 cm long, with the peduncle up to 8 cm long, terminal, axillary or leaf-opposed, bisexual; male bracts 3–4 mm long, linear-lanceolate, 2–3-flowered; male bracteoles 1–2 mm long, linear; female bracts 5 × 1 mm, lanceolate; female bracteoles resembling the male bracts.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1–1.5 mm long; buds obovoid-subglobose, slightly apiculate; calyx lobes 2 × 1 mm, ovate, cucullate, subglabrous; stamens c. 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed, the lobes truncate. Female flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long, jointed above the bracteoles, extending to 5–6 mm long in fruit and becoming geniculate; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1 mm, accrescent to 8 × 4 mm, each lobe 9–11(13) lobulate, the lobules lanceolate and slightly shorter than the width of the calyx lobe rhachis, setose, green, white at the base, the calyx-lobe rhachis loriform, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, becoming hardened in the lower half, green without, stramineous within; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, subglabrous except for the setose keels; styles 3, 3 mm long, connate to halfway, subglabrous, stigmas ± smooth, recurved.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1–1.5 mm long; buds obovoid-subglobose, slightly apiculate; calyx lobes 2 × 1 mm, ovate, cucullate, subglabrous; stamens c. 1 mm long; pistillode 3-lobed, the lobes truncate.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels c. 1 mm long, jointed above the bracteoles, extending to 5–6 mm long in fruit and becoming geniculate; calyx lobes 6, 2 × 1 mm, accrescent to 8 × 4 mm, each lobe 9–11(13) lobulate, the lobules lanceolate and slightly shorter than the width of the calyx lobe rhachis, setose, green, white at the base, the calyx-lobe rhachis loriform, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, becoming hardened in the lower half, green without, stramineous within; ovary 1.5 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, subglabrous except for the setose keels; styles 3, 3 mm long, connate to halfway, subglabrous, stigmas ± smooth, recurved.
    Fruits
    Fruit 6 × 9 mm, 3-lobed, the keels shouldered, smooth, subglabrous, sparingly setose on the keels.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 mm in diameter, globose, greyish- or pinkish-brown, mottled or flecked with dark brown or chestnut-brown, and with small circular grey patches ringed with white papillae.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Tragia rhodesiae Pax appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 665 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0