1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tragia Plum. ex L.
      1. Tragia shirensis Prain

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Malawi, Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    An erect, branched, urticating perennial herb to 60 cm tall, dioecious or sometimes monoecious; stems several from a woody rootstock, densely ± stinging-setose and hirsute or sparingly puberulous to subglabrous (var. glabriuscula).Stipules 3–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate.
    Petiole
    Petiole short, 1–10(20) mm long, or leaves ± sessile.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf blade (2)5–8.5 × 0.3–2 cm, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate or ± linear, acute or subacute at the apex, coarsely toothed at least towards the base, otherwise subentire, cuneate or rounded to truncate or shallowly cordate and somewhat broadened at the base, membranaceous, 5(7)-nerved from the base, hirsute and with urticating bristles along the midrib and nerves above and more densely so beneath, except in var. glabriuscula; lateral nerves in 4–6 pairs, apically directed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, unisexual; males up to 35 cm long, females not more than 15 cm long usually much shorter; male bracts 2–5 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate, 3–more-flowered; bracteoles 1–2 mm long, linear-lanceolate; female bracts resembling the male bracts, but 1-flowered.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 2–4 mm long; calyx lobes 3(5), 2–4 × 1–1.5 mm, elliptic, acute, cucullate, glabrous, green; stamens 3(4), 1.5 mm long; pistillode 3(4)-radiate. Female flowers: pedicels 2 mm long, extending slightly in fruit; calyx lobes 3 or 6, when 6 equal or unequal, 3–4 × 2 or 3–4 mm, elliptic or suborbicular in outline, slightly accrescent, each lobe 7–9 lobulate, the lobules linear or lanceolate and ± equalling the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, dark green, the calyx-lobe rhachis stramineous, glabrous within and without but setose on the margins; ovary 1.5 × 2–2.5 mm, 3-lobed, densely setose on the keels; styles 3, up to 5 mm long, column 2 mm long, glabrous, stigmas ± smooth, tightly coiled.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 2–4 mm long; calyx lobes 3(5), 2–4 × 1–1.5 mm, elliptic, acute, cucullate, glabrous, green; stamens 3(4), 1.5 mm long; pistillode 3(4)-radiate.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 2 mm long, extending slightly in fruit; calyx lobes 3 or 6, when 6 equal or unequal, 3–4 × 2 or 3–4 mm, elliptic or suborbicular in outline, slightly accrescent, each lobe 7–9 lobulate, the lobules linear or lanceolate and ± equalling the width of the calyx-lobe rhachis, dark green, the calyx-lobe rhachis stramineous, glabrous within and without but setose on the margins; ovary 1.5 × 2–2.5 mm, 3-lobed, densely setose on the keels; styles 3, up to 5 mm long, column 2 mm long, glabrous, stigmas ± smooth, tightly coiled.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5 × 9–10 mm, strongly 3-lobed, smooth, setose on the keels, otherwise ± glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 mm in diameter, globose, whitish, greyish or pinkish, flecked and mottled with chestnut-brown, and with scattered white rings of papillae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique

    Tragia shirensis Prain appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Malawi K000318149 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1912: 239 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0