1. Family: Aizoaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Trianthema L.
      1. Trianthema salsoloides Fenzl ex Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to Mozambique, Angola to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

    Habit
    A succulent smooth or more usually papillose much-branched annual herb; stems prostrate, ascending or erect, radiating from the crown of the taproot, sometimes tinged reddish, 10–30 cm. or more in length.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to narrowly obovate or oblong-ovate, subsessile, 9–35 mm. long, 1–9 mm. broad; petiole 0–3 mm. long; leaf-base expanded, membranous, with 2 stipular lobes.
    Flowers
    Flowers 3–6 mm. long, sessile, axillary, glomerulate, 3–12 or more, rarely solitary, the calyces basally connate and often forming a compact compound subspherical mass in the fruiting state.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes longer than broad, smooth or papillose, each with a distinct dorsal subapical fleshy mucro 0.5–1.5 mm. long. Calyx-tube obconical, bearing 5 more or less prominent tubercle-like projections at the base of the sinuses between the lobes.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5.
    Ovary
    Ovary obconical, turbinate, depressed above around the style.
    Seeds
    Ovules and seeds 2, sometimes one by abortion of the other.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/8, p. 24.
    Habitat
    Grassland and bushland, 900–1260 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Tanzania

    Trianthema salsoloides Fenzl ex Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 4, 2008 See other notes [137] K000075434 lectotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11188], Tanzania 6491.000
    Bidgood, S. [6310], Tanzania K000468115

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 588 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 96 (1950).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika: 2: 262 (1938).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 588 (1871).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0