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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.


Cannaceae, J.M.Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Description as for the family.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Rhizomatous herbs, usually unbranched
Leaves entire, spirally set
Inflorescence terminal, simple or branched, usually with 2 flowers in the axil of each bract
Showy part of flower formed by usually 4 basally ± united petaloid staminodes, the inner one, the lip or “labellum” shorter and reflexed; fertile stamen 1, petaloid; anther 1-thecous, attached at the margin, longitudinally dehiscent Flowers bisexual, showy, zygomorphic. Perianth of 3 outer ± sepaloid free tepals (“calyx”), and 3 inner petaloid tepals longer than the outer and ± united at the base (“corolla”)
Ovary inferior, warty, 3-celled; ovules many; style 1, flat, petaloid
Fruit a capsule.
Some 12 species in tropical and subtropical America.
Numerous hybrids have been produced.


Several species grown as ornamentals

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Korea, Laos, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New York, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Canna L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Maas-van de Kamer, H. & Maas, P.J.M. (2008). The Cannaceae of the world Blumea 53: 247-318.
  • de las Mercedes Ciciarelli, M. & Rolleri, C.H. (2008). Morfología, taxonomía y caracterización de siete especies neotropicales del genero Canna (Cannaceae, Zingiberales) Botanica Complutensis 32: 157-184.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Kränzlin in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 47 Cannac.: (1912).
  • F.T.A. 7: 327
  • Sp. Pl. 1 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • W.Segeren & P.J.M. Maas, Acta Bot. Neerl. 20: 663-680 (1971)
  • F. Kränzlin in E.P. IV. 47: 27 (1912)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 1 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.