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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical African Mountains.


Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial prostrate stoloniferous herb up to 4 dm. long; stems frequently tufted, sometimes creeping or scrambling, longitudinally grooved, pilose or hispid, the main stem frequently woody below; prostrate branches sometimes rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:radical ones sometimes in basal rosettes (especially in dwarf plants), the cauline ones generally opposite; lamina 5-lobed, reniform in outline, divided up to about two-thirds of the radius, frequently pink-red on the lower surface; lobes 3–10 mm. wide at the base, elliptic to rhombic in outline, pinnatilobed into 2–4(–5) parts but mostly 3-partite and inverted triangular in outline, pilose on both surfaces but rather more pronounced on the veins beneath; petiole 2–18 cm. long, pilose to more pubescent towards the lamina; stipules broadly ovate, 5–11 mm. long, 2–5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of generally solitary flowers in the axils of the smaller of the 2 apparently opposite leaves; peduncle plus pedicel 1–8.5 cm. long, pilose to pubescent; pedicel rather indistinct (flower being solitary) but from the bracts upwards 0.5–3 cm. long; bracts generally 2, lanceolate, each 2–4 mm. long, hyaline along the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly lanceolate, 5–9 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, cuspidate or barely mucronate, 3-nerved, pilose to pubescent on the outer surface, glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate to broadly spathulate, 5–9 mm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, obtuse or retuse, pink-red (crimson) to light pink towards the base and with conspicuous red veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens:filaments lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm. long, light purple or cream, hispid along the margin; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm. long, 0.3–0.5 mm. wide, brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pubescent; style rather indistinct, ± 0.5 mm. long, pilose, pink-yellow; stigmas 0.7–1.2 mm. long, usually recurved outward, pink-red to purple, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 5, 2.8–3.5 mm. long, light green, smooth, pilose; mature rostrum 8–12 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 2–2.3 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. wide, dark brown; testa glabrescent.
Upland moor, on rocky and dry ground with open vegetation, near swamps and along stream banks, less commonly in upland grassland and upland rain-forest; 3200–4400 m. (except specimens from T7 which have a lower altitude range, 2100–2400 m.)
not known elsewhere K3 K4 T2 T7 U3

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

Geranium kilimandscharicum Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 1967 Tweedie, D.R. [37], Kenya K000333848
Nov 1, 1967 Irwin, P. [122], Kenya K000333923
Nov 1, 1967 Major, E.J. [411], Kenya K000333924
Nov 1, 1967 Moore, A. [11], Kenya K000333932
Nov 1, 1967 Hooper, S.S. [1463], Kenya K000333934
Nov 1, 1967 Dowson, W.J. [99], Kenya K000333926
Nov 1, 1967 Hedberg, O. [1863], Kenya K000333928
Nov 1, 1967 Moore, A. [12], Kenya K000333931
Nov 1, 1967 Tweedie [1391], Kenya K000333930
Nov 1, 1967 Lugard, C. [328], Kenya K000333933
Nov 1, 1967 Pelley, S.L.E. [3472], Kenya K000333927
Nov 1, 1967 Rogers, C.G. [683], Kenya K000333929
Nov 1, 1967 Williams, J.G. [6406], Kenya K000333925
Gillett, J.B. [18983], Kenya K000333922

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 274 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Geraniaceae: 1-23.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 274 (1892).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants pp. 124 & 293 (1957).
  • R. Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 129: 157, fig. 20 (1912).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.