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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical African Mountains.

[FTEA]

Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial prostrate stoloniferous herb up to 4 dm. long; stems frequently tufted, sometimes creeping or scrambling, longitudinally grooved, pilose or hispid, the main stem frequently woody below; prostrate branches sometimes rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:radical ones sometimes in basal rosettes (especially in dwarf plants), the cauline ones generally opposite; lamina 5-lobed, reniform in outline, divided up to about two-thirds of the radius, frequently pink-red on the lower surface; lobes 3–10 mm. wide at the base, elliptic to rhombic in outline, pinnatilobed into 2–4(–5) parts but mostly 3-partite and inverted triangular in outline, pilose on both surfaces but rather more pronounced on the veins beneath; petiole 2–18 cm. long, pilose to more pubescent towards the lamina; stipules broadly ovate, 5–11 mm. long, 2–5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of generally solitary flowers in the axils of the smaller of the 2 apparently opposite leaves; peduncle plus pedicel 1–8.5 cm. long, pilose to pubescent; pedicel rather indistinct (flower being solitary) but from the bracts upwards 0.5–3 cm. long; bracts generally 2, lanceolate, each 2–4 mm. long, hyaline along the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly lanceolate, 5–9 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, cuspidate or barely mucronate, 3-nerved, pilose to pubescent on the outer surface, glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate to broadly spathulate, 5–9 mm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, obtuse or retuse, pink-red (crimson) to light pink towards the base and with conspicuous red veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens:filaments lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm. long, light purple or cream, hispid along the margin; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm. long, 0.3–0.5 mm. wide, brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pubescent; style rather indistinct, ± 0.5 mm. long, pilose, pink-yellow; stigmas 0.7–1.2 mm. long, usually recurved outward, pink-red to purple, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 5, 2.8–3.5 mm. long, light green, smooth, pilose; mature rostrum 8–12 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 2–2.3 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. wide, dark brown; testa glabrescent.
Habitat
Upland moor, on rocky and dry ground with open vegetation, near swamps and along stream banks, less commonly in upland grassland and upland rain-forest; 3200–4400 m. (except specimens from T7 which have a lower altitude range, 2100–2400 m.)
Distribution
not known elsewhere K3 K4 T2 T7 U3

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

Geranium kilimandscharicum Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 1967 Tweedie, D.R. [37], Kenya K000333848
Nov 1, 1967 Irwin, P. [122], Kenya K000333923
Nov 1, 1967 Major, E.J. [411], Kenya K000333924
Nov 1, 1967 Moore, A. [11], Kenya K000333932
Nov 1, 1967 Hooper, S.S. [1463], Kenya K000333934
Nov 1, 1967 Dowson, W.J. [99], Kenya K000333926
Nov 1, 1967 Hedberg, O. [1863], Kenya K000333928
Nov 1, 1967 Moore, A. [12], Kenya K000333931
Nov 1, 1967 Tweedie [1391], Kenya K000333930
Nov 1, 1967 Lugard, C. [328], Kenya K000333933
Nov 1, 1967 Pelley, S.L.E. [3472], Kenya K000333927
Nov 1, 1967 Rogers, C.G. [683], Kenya K000333929
Nov 1, 1967 Williams, J.G. [6406], Kenya K000333925
Gillett, J.B. [18983], Kenya K000333922

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 274 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Geraniaceae: 1-23.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 274 (1892).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants pp. 124 & 293 (1957).
  • R. Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 129: 157, fig. 20 (1912).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0