1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Alectra Thunb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, usually erect, simple or branched, usually hispid, root parasites, turning black when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, sessile or shortly petiolate, of ten very small, scale-like, entire or toothed.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of upper leaves or leaflike bracts, sessile or shortly pedicellate, yellow to orange with brown to reddish-purple veins, bibracteolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, 10-nerved, calyx not enlarging in fruit; lobes subequal, usually subequalling tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla thin, early marcescent, persistent in calyx, surrounding capsule, narrowly campanulate, slightly oblique, longer than calyx; lobes rounded, spreading to slightly recurved.
    Stamens
    Filaments all bearded, or only the two larger ones bearded or all glabrous, bearding may be overall or in lower half or upper half or just below anthers. Stamens 4, didynamous, at times subequal, attached towards base of corolla tube, included.
    Anthers
    Anthers coherent or connivent in pairs, thecae equal or unequal, apiculate or not.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style clavate above middle, recurved, included with stamens in persistent corolla.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose to broadly ovoid, included, loculicidal.
    Seeds
    Seeds very numerous, linear or clavate, straight or curved, slender, truncate.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, with a depleted root system, parasitic on roots of grasses and other herbs; plants turning black on drying.
    Stem
    Stems simple or branched
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or alternate, reduced to scales in some species, sessile or shortly petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence spicate; flowers solitary in axils of upper leaves or leaf-like bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, 5–10-veined
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate, slightly longer than the calyx, longitudinally veined, soon withering, persistent in calyx adhering to ovary and remaining over the capsule
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted below the middle of the corolla, included; filaments all bearded or only the two longer bearded, or all glabrous; anthers coherent or connivent in pairs
    Gynoecium
    Ovary glabrous; style curved, clavate in the upper half
    Fruits
    Capsule loculicidal
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, linear or clavate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Alectra Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie, E.M. [529], Kenya 2541.000

    First published in Nov. Gen. Pl.: 81 (1784)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Melchior in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berl. 15: 423 (1941).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 362
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Pl. 2: 966 (1876).
    • Nov. Gen. Pl.: 81 (1784).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl. 2: 966 (1876)
    • Nov. Gen. Pl.: 81 (1784)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/