1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Cycnium E.Mey. ex Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or small shrubs with a tuberous or elongated rhizome, often blackening on drying
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite, occasionally alternate or in whorls of three, bi- or pinnatisect with variously incised or entire margins, sessile or very shortly petiolate
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary or supra-axillary, solitary or in terminal spikes or (sometimes interrupted) racemes
    Bracts
    Bracts leafy
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate or tubular, enlarged or at least broadened in fruiting stage; tube with (4–)5–11 ribs, rarely with a ventral split; lobes 4 or 5, equal or unequal
    Corolla
    Corolla salver-shaped (hypocrateriform), showy; tube straight or curved, sometimes pouched and constricted on one side (gibbous of Hansen) above the anthers; throat and inner side of tube bearded; limb bilabiate; upper lip 2-lobed or emarginate, lower lip deeply 3-lobed
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments inserted in the corolla tube, unilaterally bearded; anthers monothecal, dorsifixed, dehiscence introrse by a longitudinal slit
    Gynoecium
    Ovary 2-locular, glabrous; style terminal, never exceeding the lower pair of anthers; stigma simple, terete or compressed
    Fruits
    Fruits either a capsule or a berry, very variable in shape, sometimes with an oblique beak, sometimes apiculate by the persistent base of the style
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, testa variously reticulate or smooth.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or small shrubs with tuberous or elongated rhizomes; stems procumbent, ascending or erect.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, nearly opposite, occasionally alternate or in whorls of 3, pinnatisect or bipinnatisect or entire with variously incised or entire margins, sessile or shortly petiolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminally spicate or racemose, or flowers solitary-axillary or supra-axillary, pedicellate to sessile or subsessile.
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles present Or absent, where present inserted on pedicel or adnate to base of calyx tube.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 lobed; tube ridged; lobes equal or subequal.
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed, salver-form; tube curved, bent or straight, of ten covered with stipitate glands, throat bearded; limb bilabiate, zygomorphic, lower lip 3-lobed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments inserted in corolla tube, unilaterally bearded; anthers unithecal.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, variable, compressed or not; ovules numerous.
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule or berry, variable in shape.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cycnium E.Mey. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    South Africa 44931.000

    First published in Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 368 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 430.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • O.J. Hansen in Dansk Bot. Arkiv.32, 3: 7–72 (1978).
    • emend. Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C: 360 (1895).
    • in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 368 (1836).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dansk Bot. Arkiv 32(3): 23 (1978)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 430 (1906), pro parte
    • emend. Engl., P.O.A. C: 360 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0