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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Limosella L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, West Himalaya, Africa, Antarctic, Southern America, Northern America, Antipodean Island and Asia-Temperate..


    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Small annual or perennial aquatic herbs, with slender stolons rooting to form new plants, glabrous
    Leaves fascicled or in rosettes, erect or floating, long-petiolate, cylindrical or with distinct lamina
    Flowers axillary, pedicels often deflexed in fruit
    Calyx campanulate, (4–)5-toothed, teeth equal or calyx ± 2-lipped
    Corolla tube cylindrical, (4–)5-lobed, almost actinomorphic; lobes ovate or ovate-triangular to lanceolate, ± pilose on the upper side
    Stamens 4 (2 short, 2 long)
    Ovary 2-locular; style variable in length; stigma capitate, papillose, ± 2 lobed
    Fruit capsular, dehiscing loculicidally by 2-valves
    Seeds few to numerous, minute, longitudinally multi-angular with fine transverse striations.
    All the species appear to be variable, and their taxonomy is imperfectly understood. Part of the problem lies is the presence of ecotypes found in deep water, shallow water and mud. This account basically follows the treatment by Glück (op. cit.), but a full revision of the genus is still required.

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Small, glabrous, tufted, creeping or floating, marsh or aquatic herbs.
    Stemless or with slender stolon-like stems rooting at nodes.
    Leaves radical or fasciculate at nodes, rarely alternate on stems or branches, petiolate, erect or floating; lamina linear and petiole-like, spathulate or oblong-ovate.
    Peduncles axillary, ebracteate, of ten shorter than leaves, frequently deflexed in fruit.
    Flowers small.
    Calyx campanulate, thin, (4)5-lobed, persistent.
    Corolla tubular, campanulate, subrotate; limb 5-lobed, spreading, lobes subequal, rounded, ovate or oblong.
    Stamens four, didynamous, usually exserted; filaments filiform, inserted on corolla tube.
    Ovary shortly bilocular at base; ovules many; style short, incurved, apically thickened.
    Fruit capsular, ovoid to subglobose or spherical, bivalved, loculicidally dehiscent.
    Seeds numerous, striate, rugulose.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marion-Prince Edward, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuela, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:


    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Limosella L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 631 (1753)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Glück in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 66: 488 (1934).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 352

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Glück in Engl., Bot. Jahrb.66: 488–566, t. 6–8 (1934).
    • Sp. Pl. 2:631 (1753).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • E.J. 66: 488–566, t. 6–8 (1934)
    • N.B.G.B. 12: 77 (1934)
    • Sp. P1.: 631 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.