1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Rhamphicarpa Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Annual herbs, turning black on drying.
    Stem
    Stems erect, terete or quadrangular, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite, filiform or pinnatisect with filiform segments
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary in upper axils or slightly supra-axillary, pedicellate
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, valvate in bud
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular with a long, slender tube; lobes equal or subequal, imbricate in bud, spreading in flower
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, inserted in the slightly distended upper portion of corolla tube; filaments bearded above base; anthers monothecal; dehiscence introrse by longitudinal slit
    Gynoecium
    Ovary 2-locular, globose or ovoid; style long and slender
    Fruits
    Capsules distinctly and usually obliquely beaked, sometimes winged along the sutures
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, reticulate.
    Note
    The genus as interpreted by O.J. Hansen, following Engler, has fewer recognised species than hitherto owing to the transference of many to Cycnium.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect, slender, annual herbs, simple-stemmed to branched, glabrous, smooth.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or nearly so, entire, filiform or pinnatisect with filiform segments.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence racemose, of ten obscurely so, with opposite, leaf-like bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, bibracteolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed, long tubular, lobes equal or subequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, similar; filaments short, bearded at base; anthers unithecal without evidence of second theca.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, ovoid or globose; ovules numerous.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, more or less distinctly rostrate, vertically somewhat compressed.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, cylindric or obovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Queensland, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rhamphicarpa Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [890], Ethiopia 71991.000
    Ash [824], Ethiopia 71993.000

    First published in Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 368 (1836)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 418.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • O.J. Hansen in Bot. Tidsskr. 70: 103–125 (1975).
    • emend. Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C: 361 (1895).
    • in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag.1: 368 (1836).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dansk. Bot. Tidsskr. 70:103–125 (1976)
    • emend Engl., P.O.A. C.: 361 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0