1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aegilops L.
      1. Aegilops tauschii Coss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Krym to E. Turkey and China (Shaanxi, Henan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 25-30 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 8-17 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous, or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; not deciduous as a whole. Racemes 1; single; linear; smoothly terete; bilateral; 5-10 cm long; 5-8 mm wide; bearing 9-11 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets absent, or rudimentary; 0-2 in number. Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent, or rudimentary; 0-2 in number.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins unequally thickened; ribbed. Lower glume apex with a unilateral tooth; truncate. Upper glume oblong; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins unequally thickened; ribbed; parallel at apex. Upper glume apex with a unilateral tooth; truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong, or ovate; 6-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex entire; truncate; awned, or awned only on distal spikelets; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subterete below; 30-40 mm long overall (lower spikelets 0-18). Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Disseminule comprising a rhachis internode.
    Distribution
    Europe: eastern. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, China North-Central, China Southeast, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, California, New York

    Aegilops tauschii Coss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 15, 2017 Hohenacker, T. Fr. [s.n.], Caucasus K000743772 Unknown type material
    Rico, L. [1779], Armenia K000297094
    Stocks, J.E. [896], Afghanistan K000979131
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [560], Afghanistan K000433635 Unknown type material
    Griffith, W. [576], Afghanistan K000433634 Unknown type material
    Griffith, W. [315], Afghanistan K000433636 Unknown type material

    First published in Notes Pl. Crit.: 69 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0