1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Melhania Forssk.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Queensland and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or shrubs, herbaceous parts usually densely stellate-tomentose or tomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaves serrate-crenate or entire; stipules linear or subulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, yellow, solitary or geminate or several on a common peduncle in the upper leaf-axils.
    Epicalyx
    Bracts of the epicalyx 3, from linear-lanceolate to broadly ovate, persistent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, free almost to the base.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, usually obovate, unequal-sided, convolute in aestivation.
    Androecium
    Stamens 5, opposite the petals, connate at the base and alternating with 5 ligulate staminodes; anthers sagittate, dehiscing longitudinally.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, often tomentose, 5-locular; ovules 1–? per loculus;style short or long; stigmas 5, linear.
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidally dehiscent capsule splitting from above; seeds 1-several per loculus; testa smooth or variously rugose or tuberculate; cotyledons plicate, 2-partite.
    [FTEA]

    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Habit
    Suffrutescent annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs; erect, ascending or decumbent; young stems tomentose, the hairs varied, mostly stellate, sparsely pubescent in age
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate, stipulate
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, rarely polygamous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, axillary (FTEA) or terminal cymes, occasionally appearing subumbellate or racemose (not in FTEA), or flowers solitary; peduncle and pedicels tomentose; epicalyx bracts 3, close to the calyx, sometimes fused at base, persistent, either linear to ovate or broadly ovate and not accrescent nor becoming membranous in fruit or obovate, cordate to reniform and enlarging and becoming membranous in fruit
    Buds
    Floral buds with sepal tips either free or confluent
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, almost free, with a narrow patch of glandular tissue at the base of each lobe, persistent, sometimes accrescent
    Corolla
    Petals symmetrical to strongly asymmetrical, yellow, usually opening in the afternoon, caducous or marcescent, sometimes persistent with fruit after falling
    Stamens
    Stamens and staminodes united into a very short staminal tube, stamens 5, alternating with 5 ligulate staminodes
    Ovary
    Ovary syncarpous, 5-locular, densely stellate-pubescent, 1–12 (or more?) ovules per locule; style apically divided or lobed; stigmatic lobes 5, slender
    Fruits
    Capsule spheroid to ovoid, hardened to chartaceous, pubescent, loculicidally dehiscent; endocarp glabrous or pubescent; 1–many seeds per locule
    Seeds
    Seeds ± trigonal to turbinate, 3-(more)-angled, testa ± smooth, sparsely to densely tuberculate, or muricate, elaisome present or absent; endosperm abundant; cotyledons folded and bipartite
    Note
    Schumann (1900) divided the African species of Melhania into three subgenera based on epicalyx bract characters. These were M. subgen. Broteroa K.Schum., with oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate epicalyx bracts that are neither accrescent nor membranous; subgen. Melhania (as Eumelhania K.Schum.), with ovate or broadly ovate epicalyx bracts that are neither accrescent nor membranous; and subgen. Hymenonephros K.Schum. with reniform to widely cordiform epicalyx bracts that are both accrescent and membranous in fruit. The distinction between the first two subgenera appears to be artificial and Arènes (in Fl. Madag. 131: 160 (1959)) may have perceived this when he reduced them to sections. More than shape, texture and whether or not epicalyx bracts are accrescent in fruit seem to be correlated characters that distinguish two large groups of Melhania species.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, China South-Central, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf States, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Melhania Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 64 (1775)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 230.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: CVII, 64 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pls. 5: 268 (2003)
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: cvii, 64 (1775);

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/