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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum aethiopicum I.Hedberg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated; wiry. Butt sheaths herbaceous. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or rambling; slender; 20-50 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 9-17 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; light green; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; linear, or lanceolate; 3.5-7 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-8.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7-8.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 6.5-8 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8.4 mm long; 2.5-2.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 3.3-4.3 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined; emarginate; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 2.6-4.4 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 2.3-4.4 mm long; chartaceous; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.1-0.2 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 6.7-8.5 mm long. Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5(-3.6) mm long; cartilaginous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex emarginate. Palea oblong; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2. Stigmas 2; protogynous; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Eth 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum aethiopicum I.Hedberg appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Not. 129: 90 (1976)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0