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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum brevifolium Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eastern Cape Prov. (Wittebergen).

    [KBu]

    Mashau A. C. 2016. A synopsis of Anthoxanthum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae) in southern Africa and description of a new subspecies. Kew Bulletin 71:18. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9629-6

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Eastern Cape: Barkly East Division; on Ben McDhui (Wittebergen), 2955 m, Galpin 6884 (holotype PRE!; isotypes: BOL, photo!; K, photo!).
    Habit
    Tufted rhizomatous perennial 150 – 220 mm high; leaves crowded at the base
    Leaves
    Leaf blade up to 37.5 × 5.6 mm, short, broad, apex blunt
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence contracted, spike-like, 30 – 40 mm long
    Spikelets
    Spikelet 7 mm long; glumes subacuminate, glabrous or scabrid on the back, keels smooth or scaberulous; lower glume 5 mm long, 1-nerved, sub-hyaline; upper glume 7 mm long, 3-nerved, longer than and enfolding the spikelet; lower lemma 5.5 mm long, 5-nerved, light brown, hairs not dense but somewhat shaggy or pilose; upper floret lemma 2.0 mm long, glabrous, awnless; anther 2.4 mm long.
    Note
    This species is known only from the type collection. Except for the very short, broad leaf blades and subacuminate glume, this specimen is difficult to distinguish from Anthoxanthum ecklonii which has acute to acuminate glumes.
    Distribution
    frequency in southern africa. rare. endemic. south africa: eastern cape.
    Conservation
    Data deficient — Taxonomically Problematic (DDT) (Victor et al. 2007).
    Phenology
    Flowering March.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum brevifolium Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galpin, E.E. [6884], South Africa K000367498

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1910: 59 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Mashau, A.C. (2016). A synopsis of Anthoxanthum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae) in southern Africa and description of a new subspecies Kew Bulletin 71(18): 1-5.

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Anthoxanthum ecklonii.]

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Victor, J. E., Fish, L. & Ellis, R. P. (2007). Anthoxanthum brevifolium Stapf. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2014.1. Accessed on 17 March 2015.Google Scholar
    • Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M. C. (2006). The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Strelitzia 19.Google Scholar
    • Fish, L. & Victor, J. E. (2005). Anthoxanthum dregeanum (Nees) Stapf. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2014.1. Accessed on 17 March 2015.Google Scholar
    • Fish, L. (2000). Poaceae (Gramineae). In: O. A. Leistner, Seeds plants of southern Africa: families and genera, Strelitzia 10: 659 – 726.Google Scholar
    • Gibbs Russell, G. E., Watson, L., Koekemoer, M., Smook, L., Barker, N. P., Anderson, H. M. & Dallwitz, M. J. (1990). Grasses of southern Africa, Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa 58.Google Scholar
    • Stapf 1910: 59
    • Stapf, O. (1910). Diagnoses africanae: XXXIV. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1910(2): 59.Google Scholar
    • Stapf, O. (1899). Gramineae. Flora capensis 7: 465 – 468. Lovell Reeve, London.Google Scholar
    • Nees ab Esenbeck, C. G. D. (1841). Florae Africanae australioris illustrationes monographicae. Prausnitz, Glogau.Google Scholar
    • Trinius, C. B. (1839). Phalaridea. Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5, 3 (3): 78 – 84.Google Scholar
    • Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum. Laurentius Salvius, Stockholm.Google Scholar

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mashau, A.C. (2016). A synopsis of Anthoxanthum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Poeae) in southern Africa and description of a new subspecies Kew Bulletin 71(18): 1-5.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0