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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum khasianum (C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.) Ohwi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending; 40-80 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; erose. Leaf-blades 3-6 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; aromatic.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; oblong; 4-6 cm long; 1 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-5 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or cuneate; laterally compressed; truncate; 3-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or cuneate; laterally compressed; truncate; 3-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 3-3.5 mm long; 1.2 length of fertile lemma; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; bearing tawny hairs; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; membranous; pubescent; lobed; 2 -fid; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1.5-2 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 2.5 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea linear; 2 mm long; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Assam 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum khasianum (C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.) Ohwi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clarke, C.B. [43913], India Hierochloe khasiana K000032282 syntype
    Clarke, C.B. [43385a], India Hierochloe khasiana K000032283 syntype
    Clarke, C.B. [43676a], India Hierochloe khasiana K000032284 syntype
    Clarke, C.B. [43956], India Hierochloe khasiana K000032285 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 8 (1947)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe khasiana.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0