1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida capillacea Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 11-24 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty, or bearded (sparsely). Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades straight; conduplicate; 2.1-6 cm long; 0.8-0.9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (capilaceous branches); 6-10 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.2 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.2 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar (lower shorter than upper). Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough generally. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate; muticous. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.2-3.9 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex entire; acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma subterete; 2-3.6 mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above; without grooves. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; ascending; simple at base; with 7-8 mm long limb; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 1-2 mm long. Lateral lemma awns ascending; 6-7 mm long; subequal to principal.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Aristideae. LO-W 1993.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Aristida capillacea Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1993 Trail, J.W.H. [1267], Brazil K001054206
    Jan 1, 1993 Ratter, J.A. [3106], Brazil K001054227
    Jan 1, 1993 Eiten, G. [4676], Brazil K001054219
    Jan 1, 1993 Eiten, G. [5434], Brazil K001054229
    Jan 1, 1993 Gardner, G. [4066], Brazil K001054223
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [5419], Brazil K001054209
    Jan 1, 1993 Sellow [36 II], Brazil K001054222
    Jan 1, 1993 Triana, J.J. [353] K001054204
    Jan 1, 1993 Silva, M.N. [211], Brazil K001054231
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [7438], Brazil K001054200
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [22566], Brazil K001054208
    Jan 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [929], Brazil K001054224
    Jan 1, 1989 Reeves, R.D. [225], Brazil K001054226
    Jun 4, 1984 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20100], Brazil K001054202
    Jan 1, 1974 Anderson, W.R. [9839], Brazil K001054228
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [17182], Brazil K001054198
    Jan 1, 1973 Pires, J.M. [52394], Brazil K001054218
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [4511], Brazil K001054221
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4613], Brazil K001054220
    Hinton, G.B. [2634], México State K000465795
    Hunt, D.R. [5747], Brazil K001054196
    Trail, J.W.H. [1267], Brazil K001054207
    Ratter, J.A. [R 79], Brazil K001054195
    Ratter, J.A. [1328], Brazil K001054197
    Cordeiro, I. [CFSC8287], Brazil K001054230
    Ule, E. [8052], Brazil K001054217
    Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001054216
    Gardner, G. [2750], Brazil K001054225
    Burchell, W.J. [6820], Brazil K001054211
    Burchell, W.J. [6864-2], Brazil K001054213
    Burchell, W.J. [6814], Brazil K001054214
    Burchell, W.J. [8757], Brazil K001054210
    Burchell, W.J. [7166-2], Brazil K001054212
    Robert, A. [334 b], Brazil K001054199
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17438], Brazil K001054203
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [5637], Brazil K001054201
    Spruce, R. [929], Brazil K001054215

    First published in Tabl. Encycl. 1: 156 (1791)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0