1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida cyanantha Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Afghanistan to Nepal.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 100-200 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 15-35 cm long; 3-5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; effuse; 20-40 cm long. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.7-1 mm long; pubescent; acute.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.7-1 mm long; pubescent; acute.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-12 mm long; 0.75-0.8 length of upper glume; scarious; purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-15 mm long; 1.2-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 3-5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; subterete; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn with 35-55 mm long limb; persistent. Lateral lemma awns 25-45 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aristideae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya

    Aristida cyanantha Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Royle [s.n.], India K000032487 Unknown type material

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 141 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0