1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida gibbosa (Nees) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms (32-)45-90 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or bearded (deciduous hairs). Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2-0.4 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades straight; conduplicate; 10.5-42 cm long; 1.8-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; hairless except near base; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; (8-)12-24 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; straight; 0.2-0.3 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; straight; 0.2-0.3 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar (lower in general slightly longer than upper, sometimes subequal or lower slightly shorter than upper). Lower glume lanceolate; 5.2-11.8 mm long; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acute (shortly awned). Upper glume lanceolate; 5-9.8 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex entire; acute (shortly awned).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma subterete; (4.5-)5-11.5 mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma surface smooth; with a median groove (ventral,longitudinal). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; ascending; simple at base; with (8-)8.8-19.5 mm long limb; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn (1-)1.5-4 mm long. Lateral lemma awns ascending; (6-)7-14 mm long; shorter than principal.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Aristideae. LO-W 1993.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 1000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Aristida gibbosa (Nees) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1993 Coradin, L. [792], Brazil K001054486
    Jan 1, 1993 Longhi-Wagner, H. [CFCR/6105], Brazil K001054480
    Jan 1, 1993 Silva, S.S. [3011590], Brazil K001054479
    Jan 1, 1987 Mori, S.A. [16988], Brazil K001054483
    Nov 1, 1984 Longhi-Wagner, H. [CFCR5916], Brazil K001054484
    May 4, 1984 Glaziou, A. [20104], Brazil K001054476
    Jan 1, 1984 Longhi, H. [6097], Brazil K001054478
    Hatschbach, G. [77419], Brazil K001054474
    Ratter, J.A. [2081], Brazil K001054485
    Longhi-Wagner, H. [CFCR/6007], Brazil K001054477
    Glaziou, A. [22567], Brazil K001054475
    Glaziou, A. [22567], Brazil K001054481
    Glaziou [22567], Brazil K001054482

    First published in Enum. Pl. 1: 189 (1833)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0