1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida holathera Domin

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely, or moderately. Culms 28-128 cm long; 2-5 -noded. Culm-internodes mid-green, or glaucous; smooth, or scaberulous; distally glabrous. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse, or ample. Leaf-sheaths smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 0.5-3 mm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.3-0.5 mm long. Collar glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blades straight, or flexuous; filiform, or linear; flat, or conduplicate, or involute; 10-25 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 8-41 cm long; 1-10 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 12-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1.8-3 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 12-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1.8-3 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 7-16 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume lanceolate; 12-25 mm long; 1.5-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; subterete; 8-13.5 mm long; coriaceous; pallid and light brown; mottled with last colour; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous, or papillose; rough above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea; without distinctive roughness. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn 3-branched; with 34-78 mm long limb; with twisted column; deciduous; abscissing from top of lemma. Column of lemma awn 18-57 mm long. Lateral lemma awns 27-66 mm long; subequal to principal. Palea 0.2 length of lemma; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 4.8-7.9 mm long. Hilum linear; 0.3-0.4 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Aristideae. Simon 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Aristida holathera Domin appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Merrill, E.D. [1329], Philippines K000290429 isotype
    Mearns, E.A. [2334], Philippines K000290430 isotype

    First published in Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 340 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0