1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida hystrix L.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 60-130 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths 3.5-9 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 10-40 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; effuse; 10-20 cm long; 10-20 cm wide. Panicle branches capillary; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 4-7 mm long; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 13-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5-3 mm long; bearded; pungent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 13-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5-3 mm long; bearded; pungent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-9 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; scarious; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2.5-3 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 13-14 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1.5-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; subterete; 9-10 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma margins involute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn with 50-60 mm long limb; persistent. Lateral lemma awns 50-60 mm long; subequal to principal. Palea without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Aristideae. Patunkar 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sri Lanka

    Native to:

    India, Myanmar

    Introduced into:

    Philippines, Réunion

    Aristida hystrix L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3784] K001117203
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3784] K001117204
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3784] K001117205

    First published in Suppl. Pl.: 113 (1782)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0