1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida longifolia Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 70-130 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or bearded (less frequent, deciduous). Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades straight; flat; 35-75 cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous (denselly); rough on both sides; glabrous; hairless throughout. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; 30-60 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; straight; 1 mm long; bearded; acute.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; straight; 1 mm long; bearded; acute.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar (lower shorter than upper, rarely subequal or upper slightly longer than lower). Lower glume lanceolate; 8.5-12(-14) mm long; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough generally. Lower glume apex acute; muticous. Upper glume lanceolate; 11-15 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex entire; acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma subterete; 14.5-16(-18) mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma surface smooth; without grooves. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; ascending; simple at base; with 20-33 mm long limb; without a column. Lateral lemma awns ascending; 20-33 mm long; subequal to principal.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Aristideae. LO-W 1993.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Nicaragua, Venezuela

    Aristida longifolia Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1993 Philcox, D. [4573], Brazil K001054842
    Jan 1, 1993 Ratter, J.A. [2111], Brazil K001054841
    Jan 1, 1993 Ratter, J.A. [2111], Brazil K001054844
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [6404], Brazil K000869162
    Jan 1, 1993 Ule, E. [8010], Brazil K001054845
    Jan 1, 1993 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000001276 isotype
    Jan 1, 1993 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000001277 isotype
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell [8701-2], Brazil K001054847
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell [6981-2], Brazil K001054851
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell [6985], Brazil K001054853
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell [6995-3], Brazil K001054849
    Jan 1, 1975 Anderson, W.R. [9425], Brazil K000869147
    Jan 1, 1974 Anderson, W.R. [6949], Brazil K000869148
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [24590], Brazil K000869149
    Jan 1, 1973 M. Pires, J. [51983], Brazil K000869145
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4540], Brazil K000869151
    Brazil K000308650
    Hunt, D.R. [5672], Brazil K001054843
    Ratter, J.A. [1304], Brazil K000869146
    Riedel [911], Brazil K000308651
    Spruce [593], Brazil K001054846
    Burchell [8701-2], Brazil K001054852
    Burchell [8622], Brazil K001054850

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 1: 84 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/