1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida novae-caledoniae Henrard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Caledonia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 25-50 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades erect; filiform; involute; 15-20 cm long; 1 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 5-10 cm long. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 8-16 mm long; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pubescent; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1 mm long; pubescent; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-9 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 7 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma margins involute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn 3-branched; reflexed; with 15 mm long limb; with a straight or slightly twisted column; persistent. Column of lemma awn 3 mm long. Lateral lemma awns spreading less than principal; 10 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 0.1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Pacific: southwestern.
    Reference
    Aristideae. Henrard 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Caledonia

    Aristida novae-caledoniae Henrard appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Meded. Rijks-Herb. 54A: 383 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0