1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida recurvata Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 53-150 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or bearded (deciduous hairs). Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2-0.3 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades curled (lower), or straight (upper); flat (lower), or conduplicate (upper); 12-50 cm long; 1-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 16-40 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; straight; 0.2-0.4 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; straight; 0.2-0.4 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar (lower in general slightly longer than upper, sometimes subequal or lower slightly shorter than upper). Lower glume lanceolate; 7.5-12.6 mm long, or 5 mm long; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough generally. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7.3-11.5 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex entire; setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma subterete; 3-5 mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above; with a median groove (ventral,longitudinal). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn coiled (at base); ascending; simple at base; with 9.5-21 mm long limb; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 0.8-2 mm long. Lateral lemma awns wrapped around principal; 6-17 mm long; subequal to principal.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Aristideae. LO-W 1993.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2500 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Suriname, Venezuela

    Aristida recurvata Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1993 Davidse, G. [10719], Brazil K001101316
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [4899], Brazil K001101305
    Jan 1, 1993 Brooks, R.E. [572], Brazil K001101306
    Clayton, W.D. [4270], Brazil K001101299
    Clayton, W.D. [4826], Brazil K001101300
    Hatschbach, G. [77422], Brazil K001101318
    Pereira, E. [2724], Brazil K001101307
    Silva, J.M. [4279], Brazil K001101297
    Irwin, H.S. [5580], Brazil K001101301
    Irwin, H.S. [5481], Brazil K001101320
    Riedel, Brazil K000308664
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6005], Brazil K001101319
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6006], Brazil K001101321
    Anderson, W.R. [35501], Brazil K001101314
    Anderson, W.R. [8389], Brazil K001101317
    Kuhlmann, M. [2414], Brazil K001101310
    Burchell, W.J. [4413], Brazil K001101304
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001101302
    Handro, O. [101], Brazil K001101295
    Handro, O. [101], Brazil K001101298
    Cordeiro, J. [2160], Brazil K001101296
    Dias-Melo, R. [252], Brazil K001101308
    Ferreira, F.M. [1226], Brazil K001101309
    Glaziou, A. [20106], Brazil K001101313
    Glaziou [17895], Brazil K001101303
    Glaziou [17895], Brazil K001101311
    Glaziou [17446], Brazil K001101312
    Glaziou [17446], Brazil K001101315

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 123 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Funez, L.A. & al. (2017). Fifty-five new records of vascular plants, and other discoveries for the flora of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 221-275.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0