1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida sciurus Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; robust; 70-140 cm long; 5-6 mm diam.; 4-5 -noded. Culm-internodes distally woolly. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or woolly. Leaf-sheath oral hairs woolly. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades conduplicate; 30-60 cm long; 2-5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 20-45 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 11-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1-1 mm long; bearded; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 11-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 1-1 mm long; bearded; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-7 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough above. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 11-13 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; subterete; 10-12 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex rostrate; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn with 15-23 mm long limb; persistent. Lateral lemma awns 15-23 mm long; subequal to principal. Palea without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Aristideae. De Winter 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Aristida sciurus Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gerrard, W. T. [471], South Africa K000366736
    Nelson, W. [26], South Africa K000366737

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 557 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0