1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida setifolia Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Brazil.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 40-100(-150) cm long. Lateral branches sparse; arising from mid culm, or upper culm. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking (or pilose, deciduous hairs). Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades straight; conduplicate, or flat (less frequent); (4-)7-25(-46) cm long; 1-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous (generally), or pilose; hairless except near base; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute; antrorsely scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted (or subcontracted); 9-16(-32) cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; straight; 0.8-1 mm long; bearded; acute.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets subterete; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; straight; 0.8-1 mm long; bearded; acute.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar (lower shorter than upper). Lower glume lanceolate; 4.2-7 mm long; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough generally. Lower glume apex acute; muticous. Upper glume lanceolate; 5.2-8.5 mm long; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma subterete; 4-5 mm long; without keel; rounded throughout; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous (on keel). Lemma surface scaberulous; without grooves. Lemma margins convolute. Lemma apex awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn straight; ascending (generally), or reflexed (less frequent); with 10-24 mm long limb; with twisted column; deciduous; abscissing from top of column. Column of lemma awn 2-5 mm long. Lateral lemma awns ascending; 4-5 mm long; subequal to principal.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Aristideae. LO-W 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Aristida setifolia Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 18, 2011 Way, M.J. [SWM2433], Brazil K001054332
    Jul 17, 1998 Perrira-Silva, G. da [2478], Brazil K001054331
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1326], Brazil K001054336
    Sep 21, 1995 Nascimento, M.S.B. [611], Brazil K001054335
    Jan 1, 1993 Philcox, D. [4878], Brazil K001054319
    Jan 1, 1993 Philcox, D. [3751], Brazil K001054301
    Jan 1, 1993 Clayton, W.D. [4902], Brazil K001054288
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [5165], Brazil K001054299
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [6861], Brazil K001054298
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [7067], Brazil K001054300
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [6381], Brazil K001054302
    Jan 1, 1993 Irwin, H.S. [5654], Brazil K001054306
    Jan 1, 1993 Eiten, G. [2916], Brazil K001054327
    Jan 1, 1993 Eiten, G. [10510], Brazil K001054303
    Jan 1, 1993 Eiten, G. [10392], Brazil K001054304
    Jan 1, 1993 Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001054307
    Jan 1, 1993 Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001054297
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [6753], Brazil K001054308
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [6448], Brazil K001054310
    Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [6429/2], Brazil K001054314
    Jan 1, 1993 Swanson [s.n.], Brazil K001054293
    Jan 1, 1993 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001054292
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17368], Brazil K001054323
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20571], Brazil K001054324
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [12276], Brazil K001054296
    Jan 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [10151], Brazil K001054312
    Jan 1, 1993 Pohl, J.B.E. [1149], Brazil K001054291
    Jan 1, 1993 Pohl, J.B.E. [1151], Brazil K001054295
    Jun 4, 1984 Philcox, D. [3199], Brazil K001054318
    Jun 4, 1984 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20571], Brazil K001054286
    Jun 4, 1984 Hatschbach, G.G. [21825], Brazil K001054316
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [19002], Brazil K001054329
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4898], Brazil K001054320
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4145A], Brazil K001054321
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [3959], Brazil K001054290
    Brazil K000308634
    Clayton, W.D. [4792], Brazil K001054325
    Clayton, W.D. [4800], Brazil K001054326
    Clayton, W.D. [4117b], Brazil K001054328
    Clayton, W.D. [4157], Brazil K001054330
    Spruce, R. [4526], Peru K000201598
    Brazil K000308635
    Brazil K000308636
    Ule, E. [8042], Brazil K001054289
    Eiten, G. [8339], Brazil K001054317
    Eiten, G. [10601], Brazil K001054322
    Burchell, W.J. [6157], Brazil K001054315
    Burchell, W.J. [6531], Brazil K001054309
    Burchell, W.J. [8736], Brazil K001054311
    Burchell, W.J. [6830], Brazil K001054313
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17893], Brazil K001054287
    Hatschbach, G.G. [65087], Brazil K001054333
    Hatschbach, G.G. [64791], Brazil K001054334
    s.coll. [1149], Brazil K001054294
    Skvortzov, B.V. [72], Brazil K001054305

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 122 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0