1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida ternipes Cav.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. U.S.A. to Ecuador, Caribbean.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-150 cm long; 1.5-4 mm diam.; with 0.4-0.5 of their length below uppermost node. Culm-internodes solid; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 25-50 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; scaberulous; glabrous; hairless except near base. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; 25-50 cm long. Primary panicle branches 1 -nate. Panicle axis scabrous. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.5-1 mm long; pilose; acute. Floret callus hairs 2-3 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.5-1 mm long; pilose; acute. Floret callus hairs 2-3 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; 6.5-11.5 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-2 mm long. Upper glume linear; 8-12 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-2 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 15-22.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned, or 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; 10-15 mm long overall; with 10-15 mm long limb; without a column. Lateral lemma awns 0-3 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 0.5-1.3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; 7-8.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    North America: southwest USA, south-central USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Aristideae. Fl Costaric 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Arizona, Bahamas, Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Panamá, Texas, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela

    Aristida ternipes Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [6673], Guerrero K000465796
    Hinton, G.B. [6673], Guerrero K000465797
    Hinton, G.B. [11410], Guerrero K000465798
    Hinton, G.B. [6682], Guerrero K000465800
    Hinton, G.B. [9809], Guerrero K000465799
    Chapman [s.n.] Aristida scabra K000906114

    First published in Icon. 5: 46 (1799)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0