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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean, Asia to E. Australia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; mat forming. Culms rambling; slender; 7-60(-100) cm long; 0.3-1 mm diam.; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes 1-6 cm long. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose, or hispid; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-3 mm long. Leaf-blade base amplexicaul. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 1-8 cm long; 3-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins tuberculate-ciliate; hairy all along, or at base. Leaf-blade apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-50; digitate; 1.5-5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; glabrous on margins, or ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs (0.5-)0.66-0.75 mm long. Rhachis internodes filiform to linear; 2-6 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; 0.1-2 mm long; glabrous, or ciliate.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets represented by barren pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous, or pubescent; base truncate; attached transversely. Companion sterile spikelets represented by barren pedicels.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous, or pubescent; base truncate; attached transversely.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume surface convex; spinose; rough on veins. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acute, or obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.66 length of spikelet; hyaline; 2 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; 2-6 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.2 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 0-20 mm long overall; with a straight or slightly twisted column, or with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 2; 0.5-1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform, or oblong; 3.5-5 mm long.
Distribution
Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: north-central. North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, and western South America.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Fl China 2005.

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Straggling, delicate annual; culms up to 80 cm long, much branched.
Morphology Leaves Ligules
Ligule 0.5 mm long; leaf lamina 2–6 cm × 4–12 mm, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, cordate and amplexicaul at the base, loosely pilose and often with bulbous-based hairs on the margins, acute at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 2–14 in fascicles borne on long exserted peduncles, 1.5–5 cm long, ± terete, greenish-yellow or purplish; internodes filiform, with silvery-white appressed hairs 1–2 mm long at the summit; pedicels absent.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet 3.2–4 mm long; inferior glume rounded on the back, narrowly ovate, ± scabrid, awnless; superior glume strongly convex on the back with broad hyaline margins, acute to mucronate at the apex; awn of superior lemma 7–10 mm long; anthers 0.6–0.9 mm long, dark red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelet absent. Sessile spikelet 3.2–4 mm long; inferior glume rounded on the back, narrowly ovate, ± scabrid, awnless; superior glume strongly convex on the back with broad hyaline margins, acute to mucronate at the apex; awn of superior lemma 7–10 mm long; anthers 0.6–0.9 mm long, dark red.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet absent.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms slender, 7–60(–100) cm. long, trailing.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1–8 cm. long, 3–20 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 2–30 fasciculate racemes, each 2–4 cm. long; internodes ciliate, often sparsely so, the hairs seldom over 0.5 mm. long (very rarely glabrous).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 2.5–4.5 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, strongly convex on the back, scaberulous to scabrid especially near the tip; upper glume acute to mucronate; awn 4–8 mm. long; 2 anthers 0.3–0.8 mm. long.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 2.5–4.5 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, strongly convex on the back, scaberulous to scabrid especially near the tip; upper glume acute to mucronate; awn 4–8 mm. long; 2 anthers 0.3–0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel reduced to a subulate point 0.1–0.6 mm. long, glabrous or occasionally ciliate (rarely linear and up to 2 mm. long, very rarely bearing a spikelet).
Figures
Fig. 173.
Habitat
Shady glades and pathsides in wooded grassland and upland evergreen forest, extending onto old farmland and damp rocks; 650–2600 m.
Distribution
K3 K5 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 tropical Africa, extending through India and Sri Lanka to Thailandintroduced to central America and the Caribbean

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Decumbent annual with tough wiry stems rooting at the lower nodes
Ecology
Shady clearings.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Amur, Arkansas, Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Great Britain, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia

Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [3490], Cameroon K000339488
Jun 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [9734], Cameroon K000339490
May 1, 1998 Kamundi, D. [650], Cameroon K000339489
Carr, C.E. [14643], Papua New Guinea K000290033 isotype
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim K000245900 isotype
Sorensen, Th. [592], Thailand K000688843
Laegaard, S. [21759], Thailand K000688844
Hance, H.F. [1396], Guangdong K000974967 Unknown type material
Hance, H.F. [1396], Fujian K000974968
s.coll. [s.n.], Japan K000974972
Stuart, C. [s.n.], New South Wales K000975036 holotype
Kerr, A.F.G. [2774], Thailand K000620295
Falconer, H. [s.n.], India K000975014
Laegaard, S. [21778], Thailand K000688846
Kerr, A.F.G. [9421], Thailand K000620296
Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Hokkaido K000974971
Schrenck, A.G.von [s.n.], Kazakhstan K000974974
Hance, H.F. [1396], Guangdong K000974966 Unknown type material
Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Hokkaido K000974970
Kerr, A.F.G. [16404], Thailand K000620297
Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Hokkaido K000974969 isotype
Laegaard, S. [21761], Thailand K000688845
Schrenck, A.G.von [s.n.], Kazakhstan K000974973
Jun 1, 2004 Gosline, G. [277], Cameroon Arthraxon micans K000746241
Aug 1, 1889 Ayres [47], Mauritius Arthraxon micans K000244581 Unknown type material
Schimper [1532], Ethiopia Arthraxon micans K000280734
Schimper [911], Ethiopia Arthraxon micans K000280735
Wight, R. [1683], India Arthraxon micans K000245911 isotype
Wallich, N. [8833], Nepal Arthraxon micans K000245912 isosyntype
Wallich, N. [8833], Nepal Arthraxon micans K000245913 syntype
Royle, J.F. [278], Bangladesh Arthraxon micans K000246131 isosyntype
Wight, R. [1683], India Arthraxon micans K000246132 isotype
Bidgood, S. [5716], Tanzania Arthraxon micans K000468708
Bidgood, S. [5636], Tanzania Arthraxon micans K000468788
Ramsay, C.B. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent Arthraxon micans K000975006
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], Karnataka Arthraxon micans K000975009
van Beusekom, C.F. [3594], Thailand Arthraxon micans K000688855
Heyne, B. [8833], India Arthraxon micans K000975008 Unknown type material
van Beusekom, C.F. [3872], Thailand Arthraxon micans K000688854
Wallich, N. [8833], Myanmar Arthraxon micans K000975007

First published in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 214 (1912)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
  • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0