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  1. Family: Thymelaeaceae Juss.
    1. Synaptolepis Oliv.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Branches
    Branches slender, often twining; bark lenticellate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate; lamina ovate to elliptic, membranous to subcoriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves parallel, spreading, prominent beneath; margin thick, recurved Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate; lamina ovate to elliptic, membranous to subcoriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves parallel, spreading, prominent beneath; margin thick, recurved.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes terminal, or flowers solitary or fascicled in the leaf axils, sessile or shortly stalked Cymes terminal, or flowers solitary or fascicled in the leaf axils, sessile or shortly stalked.
    Corolla
    Petals forming an erect entire or lobed often ciliate ring at the base of the calyx lobes Petals forming an erect entire or lobed often ciliate ring at the base of the calyx lobes.
    Ovary
    Ovary shortly stipitate, 1-locular, surrounded at the base by a minute ± deeply lobed disk; style slender; stigma capitate, papillate
    Fruits
    Fruit dry, ovoid, enclosed in the persisting base of the calyx tube; pericarp crustaceous Fruit dry, ovoid, enclosed in the persisting base of the calyx tube; pericarp crustaceous.
    Ecology
    Leaves (10)15–45(63) mm long, (6)10–25(33) mm wide; flowers 3–10 in cymes; some small-leaved forms occurring above 1000 m
    Habit
    Erect small shrubs or woody climbers. Erect small shrubs or woody climbers
    Stem
    Branches slender, often twining; bark lenticellate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, bracteate, sweetly scented; pedicel sometimes glandular. Flowers 5-merous, bracteate, sweetly scented; pedicel sometimes glandular
    Calyx
    Calyx tube cylindric or narrowly funnel-shaped, glabrous. Calyx tube cylindric or narrowly funnel-shaped, glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, in 2 whorls in the upper part of the calyx tube, those opposite the sepals usually slightly exserted. Stamens 10, in 2 whorls in the upper part of the calyx tube, those opposite the sepals usually slightly exserted
    Pistil
    Ovary shortly stipitate, 1-locular, surrounded at the base by a minute ± deeply lobed disk; style slender; stigma capitate, papillate.
    Seeds
    Seed without endosperm. Seed without endosperm.
    Distribution
    Four or five species in tropical and southern Africa, and one in Madagascar. Four or five species in tropical and southern Africa, and one in Madagascar.
    [FTEA]

    Thymelaeaceae, B. Peterson (University of Göteborg). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Corolla
    Petals forming an erect, entire or lobed, often ciliate, ring at the base of the calyx-lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, in two whorls in the upper part of the calyx-tube, the episepal usually slightly exserted
    Pistil
    Ovary shortly stipitate, 1-locular; surrounded at the base by a minute, ± deeply lobed disc; style slender, stigma capitate, papillate
    Fruits
    Fruit dry, ovoid, enclosed in the persistent base of the calyx-tube
    Seeds
    Seeds without endosperm.
    Habit
    Small shrubs or woody climbers
    Branches
    Branches slender often twining; bark lenticellate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate; leaf-blade ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, membranous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, lateral nerves parallel, spreading, prominent beneath, margin thickened
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal cymes or axillary
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, solitary or fascicled, bracteate; pedicel sometimes glandular
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube cylindric, glabrous

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Synaptolepis Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 11: t. 1074 (1870)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 245.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • F.T.E.A., Thymelaeaceae: 5, t. 2 (1978).
    • Peterson in F.T.E.A., Thymelaeaceae: 5, t. 2 (1978).
    • Biblioth. Bot. 27, heft 111: 122 (1934).
    • Domke in Biblioth. Bot. 27, heft 111: 122 (1934).
    • F.C. 5, 2: 79 (1915).
    • C.H. Wright in F.C. 5, 2: 79 (1915).
    • F.T.A. 6, 1: 245 (1910).
    • H. Pearson in F.T.A. 6, 1: 245 (1910).
    • Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 11: 59, t. 1074 (1870).
    • in Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 11: 59, t. 1074 (1870).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Domke in Bibl. Bot. 27(111): 122 (1934)
    • H.H.W. Pearson in F.T.A. 6(1): 245 (1910)
    • in Hook., Ic. Pl. 11: 59, t..1074 (1870)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0